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Cranslough, County Tyrone

Origin

perhaps Ir. Crann os Loch ‘tree overlooking the lake’

Background

This townland takes its name from a lake which appears on the OSNI 6” map of 1846 as Cranslough Lough, part of which is in the south of the townland. This is a strong indication that the second element is loch ‘lough’. The first element might be crann ‘tree’ in the form Crann an Locha ‘tree of the hill’, although this form does not explain the appearance of medial -s- across the historical forms.

An alternative suggestion (which might explain the appearance of -s-) is that, instead of the article, the element crann introduces the second element loch with a preposition, perhaps os ‘over, above. Such a form might look like Crann os Loch ‘tree overlooking the lake’, similar to Ard os Loch ‘height over the lake’ (Ardoslough) in Co. Galway (logainm.ie).

References

FK

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Caramsklag=h1609Esch. Co. Map 11 Dunganon pt
Cramsklagh1614CPR Jas I 272a
Craneslagh1614CPR Jas I 272a
Cranaslagh1655cCiv. Surv. p.286
Krands==klagh1657CHib. Reg. Dungannon Lr,
Cranusglogh1664HMR Tyr. (1) 6
Cranaskslagh1666ASE 110
Cranusglagh1666HMR Tyr. (2) 236
~Crann Sailigh - Willow Tree1833cJ O'D (OSNB) NB 128;D52
Cranslogh (x 2, Goff Esq.,cont. small pt of lake)1834cOSNB: gen. sources NB 128;D52
~crann loch - Lough or lake overhung with bushes1920cTNCT 44
~crann locha - Lough or lake overhung with bushes1920cTNCT (1st edn) 29
~Crann loch ""Lough/lake overhung with bushes""1936TNCT 44
Barony
Dungannon Lower
Parish
Carnteel
Parish in 1851
Carnteel
Townland
None
Place name ID
10002
Place name type
T