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Knocknaroy, County Tyrone

Origin

perhaps Ir. Cnoc na Rua ‘hill of the red-haired men/creatures’

Background

The first element in this name is clearly cnoc ‘hill’ which can mean anything from a hill to a small mountain and is common in place-names. Not only in Ireland, but also in Scotland. For the second element, the form assigned to John O’Donovan proposes a form of the element ‘king’, which is unlikely given the prevalence of the ending -roy across the historical forms. We generally expect to see anglicised as -ree such as in Lisnaree (Lios na Rí ‘fort of the king’) in Co. Down.

Instead, the second element might derive from rua ‘red’ where rua is interpreted as a collective, perhaps meaning red-haired men as is seen in Tornaroy (Tor na Rua‘rocky height of the red-haired men’) in Co, Antrim, or perhaps intended to mean red haired animals as is seen in Cornaroy (Corr na Rua ‘round hill of the red animal’) in Co. Leitrim (logainm.ie).


References

FK

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Knockneroy1614CPR Jas I 272a
Knocknevary1657CHib. Reg. Dungannon Lr,
Knocknaroy1664HMR Tyr. (1) 6
Knocknaroy1666HMR Tyr. (2) 236
Knocknaroge al. Knocknariffe al Knockneroy 81a 1670ASE 220
Knocknaroy1702Vestry Bk Aghalow I 10
Knocknaroy1791Vestry Bk Aghalow XIII 58
Knocknaroy (x 4, prop. French Esq.)1834cOSNB: gen. sources NB 128;D54
~Cnoc na Ríogh - Hill of the Kings1835J O'D (OSNB) NB 128;D54
~cnoc an roigh ''King''s hill; hill of the execution1920cTNCT 37
Knockonary [Knocknorise?]5Civ. Surv. 1655c
Barony
Dungannon Lower
Parish
Aghaloo
Parish in 1851
Aghaloo
Townland
None
Place name ID
10045
Place name type
T