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Derrycrew, County Armagh

Origin

perhaps Ir. Doire Críonaigh ‘oakwood of the dry wood’

Background

The first element of this place-name is doire ‘oak-wood’ the most well-known example of which is the county name Derry.  The townland features a significant amount of wooded land across the historical 6” map series (OSNI).

The element craobh means simply a ‘tree’ or ‘branch’ and is usually anglicised -creeve or -crew (Flanagan & Flanagan 1994, 62). The cognate element, craobhach ‘branched, branching’ features in the NIPNP form Doire Craobhaigh ‘oakwood of the spreading branches’ (Ó Máinnín 1997) which is entirely possible.  A second NIPNP form Doire Creamha ‘oakwood of the wild garlic’ could also anglicise Derrycrew as the loss of final schwa (i.e. the sound of the second -a in fada) in Moyad (from Maigh Fhada) is a well-attested feature of Ulster Irish (see Ó Dochartaigh 1987, 168-72).

Many of the early forms feature the consonant [n] in the final consonant: Dirrichryny (1610), Dirrecreny (1610), Dirrichreeny (1611), Derrycreeny (1631), Derrycrin (1631) and Derrycreene (1661). These forms might indicate a different qualifying element, perhaps críonach ‘dry or decayed wood’ or ‘withered leaves or branches’, the meaning of which is entirely appropriate as a modifier of doire ‘oakwood’. The form Doire Críonaigh ‘oakwood of the dry wood’ must also be considered (See also Corr Chríonaigh ‘hill of the dry branches’, anglicised Corcreeny in Co. Down).

References

FK

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Dirrichiruy1609Esch. Co. Map 5.28
Dirrecreny1610Ulst. Plant. Paps. 21 222
Dirrichryny1610Ulst. Plant. Paps. 11 216
Dirrichreeny & Dromally, the manor of1611CPR Jas I 167a
Dirrichreeny, 1 balliboe1611CPR Jas I 167a
Dirrichreeny, the great proportion of1611CPR Jas I 167a
Derrycravy1618cPynnar's Sur. Ulster 214 $164
Dirricrevy & Dromully1622Sur. Arm. & Tyr. 130
(?)Derrycree & Derrycouse1629Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $5 Car. I
(?)Derrycreeny, de magn'' p''porc''on'' de - 2000 acr''1631Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $11 Car. I
Derrycrin & Dromcully, maner'' de1631Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $11 Car. I
(?)Derrycreeny & Derrymully, de le seperal'' maner''1639Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $30 Car. I
(?)Derrycrewe 1 balliboe1639Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $30 Car. I
Derrycreby al. Derrycreny al. Derrygrewe, p''te bal1639Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $34 Car. I
Derycrewe1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 230
(?)Ballymagrue1659cCensus 1659 38
(?)Derynegrea1659cCensus 1659 38
Derrycreene1661BSD 45
Derrycrew1664HMR Murray (1941) 198
Derrycrew1760Rocque's Map
Derrycrew1830cMap Armagh (OSNB) A154 8
Derrycrew1830cLand agent (OSNB) A154 8
Derrycrew1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) A154 8
~Doire craobh ""oak of the wide branching trees""1835J O'D (OSNB) A154 8
""[oak wood] of the `creamh'' or wild garlic""1913Joyce iii 294
Barony
Oneilland West
Parish
Loughgall
Parish in 1851
Loughgall
Townland
None
Place name ID
10062
Place name type
T