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Fernagreevagh, County Armagh

Origin

Ir. Tír na gCraobhach ‘district of the trees’

Background

While the form assigned to John O’Donovan Fearann na gCraobhach is structurally representative of the modern form, analysis of the historical forms reveals that the initial element is almost certainly tír ‘country, land, territory’, which can be applied to any size of land-division in Ireland from provinces to townlands (Flanagan & Flanagan 1994, 152). The appearance of -f- in this position is most likely a result of mistranscription of -t- which is orthographically similar to -f-. For the second element we might consider either grianach ‘sunny’ or greanach ‘gravelly’ based on the forms Tírgrennah (1609), Tirrgrenagh (1611) and …rereagreenagh (1664). However based on the [v] which is relatively prominent across the historical forms, and remains in the modern form, the most likely origin of the second element is craobh ‘tree’ in a cognate form craobhach as proposed in the NIPNP form Tír na gCraobhach ‘district of the trees’ (NIPNP notes, Ó Máinnín 1997).

References

FK

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Tiregrennah1609Esch. Co. Map 5.28
Tirregrenagh, 1 balliboe1611CPR Jas I 167a
Tomagrevagh, le balliboe vocat''1639Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $34 Car. I
Taunagriver1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 230
(?)Derynegrea1659cCensus 1659 38
Tirnegrevagh1661BSD 45
....rereagreenagh1664HMR Murray (1941) 199
Tarnagrevy1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) A154 18
Fernagreevah1835Land agent (OSNB) A154 18
~Fearann na gcraobhach ""Land of the bushes""1835J O'D (OSNB) A154 18
Ternagreevagh1888Bassett's Arm. 186\7
Ternagreevy1888Bassett's Arm. 188
Barony
Oneilland West
Parish
Loughgall
Parish in 1851
Loughgall
Townland
None
Place name ID
10096
Place name type
T