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Cumber, County Tyrone

Origin

Ir. Comar ‘confluence’

Background

The [b] of the modern form is absent from almost all of the historical forms and almost certainly did not feature in the original form, this is common in anglicisations of comar. The most likely origin of this name is the one that is identified in the form assigned to John O’Donovan, comar ‘confluence, meeting place’. Indeed, the southern boundary of the townland, marks the point where an (unidentified) tributary joins a larger river (OSNI). Interestingly, the Co. Down parish of Comber also derives from comar ‘confluence’, suggesting that the appearance of [b] might be in some way related to the Anglicisation of the-mar word-final sequence of letters.

References

FK

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Comer1609Esch. Co. Map 11 Dunganon pt
Commore1613CPR Jas I 262b
(?)Connor b''bo1655cCiv. Surv. iii 284
Comer1660ASE 108
Comes1660ASE 108
Conner1660ASE 108
Comer1661Inq. Ult. (Tyrone) $3 Car. II
Cumor1664HMR Tyr. (1) 10
Cumor1666HMR Tyr. (2) 245
Cumber1702Vestry Bk Aghalow I 10
Cummer1711Vestry Bk Aghalow II 14
?[Aghintain prop] J Brown Esq of Comber[?] Clady)1834cOSNB: gen. sources 128:No.12
?[Aghintain prop] J Brown Esq of Comber[?] Clady)1834cOSNB: gen. sources 128:No.12
Appears Comber once divided into two townlands: On1834cOSNB: gen. sources NB 128;D52
Cumber (x 5, Property of the Earl of Caledon)1834cOSNB: gen. sources NB 128;D52
~Cumar - A Confluence1835J O'D (OSNB) NB 128;D52
~cumar - A confluence or meeting of rivers1920cTNCT 36
Barony
Dungannon Lower
Parish
Aghaloo
Parish in 1851
Aghaloo
Townland
None
Place name ID
10225
Place name type
T