Ballytyrone, County Armagh
perhaps Ir. Baile Tigh Ruadháin ‘townland of the house of Ruadhán’ or Ir. Baile Tigh Uí Ruadháin 'townland of the house of Ó Ruadháin’.
The first element, baile (anglicised bally-) ‘townland’ became common in place-names from the 12th century and is extremely common across Ireland. In the form assigned to John O’Donovan, the qualifying element is Tír Eoghain which is also the name of an adjacent county Tyrone. While this form is representative of the anglicised form, it is unlikely that a townland would be named after a different county, unless perhaps the townland sat on the boundary of the two counties, which is not the case here.
The NIPNP form Baile Tíre Abhann ‘homestead of the river district’ is representative of the modern form, although there are no rivers in the townland. It is possible that the second component is tigh ‘house’, rather than tír ‘country’, in which case the [r] would be attributed to the second qualifying element. Possible forms might include Baile Tigh Ruadhán ‘townland of the house of Ruadhán’, featuring the personal name Ruadhán ‘red-haired’, which is usually anglicised Rowan, which is similar to the anglicised -rone ending of the modern form of Ballytyrone. The qualifier might also be the related family name Ó Ruadháin, a sept of the Uí Maine, the surname particle of which would be absorbed into the final syllable of tigh in the form Baile Tigh Uí Ruadháin ‘townland of the house of Ó Ruadháin’.
Historical name form
|Old Form||Ref. Date||Reference|
|B:cheerouan||1609||Esch. Co. Map 5.28|
|Ballichirovan 1 balliboe||1611||CPR Jas I 167a|
|Ballichrowne 1 balliboe||1639||Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $30 Car. I|
|Ballyturone||1657||Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 230|
|Balitorn||1659c||Census 1659 38|
|Ballytirone||1664||HMR Murray (1941) 198|
|Ballytyrone||1830c||Land agent (OSNB) A154 20|
|Ballytyrone||1830c||Bnd. Sur. (OSNB) A154 20|
|~Baile Tíre Eoghain ""Tyrone''s town""||1835||J O'D (OSNB) A154 20|
- Oneilland West
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type