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Caledon, County Tyrone



12km W of Armagh city

par: Aghaloo bar: Dungannon Lower

The village of Caledon was originally named Kinaird and was founded inthe Plantation period. Its name was changed to Caledon with the building of CALEDON HOUSE which was commenced in 1779 by James Alexander of Londonderry who bought the Caledon estate in 1778 and was created Earl of Caledon in 1800. The name Caledon appears to be from Caledonia, an archaic Roman name for Scotland. The name Kinaird is from Ir. Cionn Aird [kyun ardge] ‘head/top of the hill’ and originally referred to a castle of the O’Neills, the site of which is a short distance west of the village [(i ndoras caisléin) Chind Aird 1500].


McKay, P. (2007): A Dictionary of Ulster Place-Names, p. 32

Additional Information


Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Ceann Ard no find?=?caislén & baile SB O''Neill?1480AFM iv 1112
Caislen clainni Seaain Buidhe hí Neill .i. caislen1500AU iii 448
a ndorus caislein Cinn Aird1500AU iii 446
i ndoras caisléin Chind Aird [sl by son SB O''N1500AFM iv 1254
co Cinnard 7 caislén Cinnaird do bhrisidh leó1531AFM v 1404n
gu Cinn Aird 7 caisdiall Chin Airtt do brisedh1531AU iii 578
Kinard1595Mercator's Ire.
Ca Kennard1599Boazio's Map (BM)
Kinard + castle on island, castle + cross1609Esch. Co. Map 11 Dunganon pt
Kenard1614CPR Jas I 388a
Kinard1614CPR Jas I 262a
Kinard, Manor of1614CPR Jas I 262a
~go Cionn Aird1643cCín Lae Ó M. 18, 36
Kinard Towne & Parkes1655cCiv. Surv. iii 285
Kinard, smalle markett towne of1655cCiv. Surv. iii 248
Kinard, the ruins of the markett towne and castle 1655cCiv. Surv. iii 285
at Kinard - a stone bridge1655cCiv. Surv. iii 248
Kinardtowne1660ASE 1608
Kinard (x 2)1661Inq. Ult. (Tyrone) $3 Car. II
Kynard1661Inq. Ult. (Tyrone) $23 Car. II
vil'' & ter'' de Kynard1661Inq. Ult. (Tyrone) $23 Car. II
Kinard Manor1663?Sub. Rolls Tyr. 13
Kinnard1664HMR Tyr. (1) 11
Calidon1666ASE 173,175
Kinaird1666HMR Tyr. (2) 244
Calidon1669ASE 215
Caledon1692Vestry Bk Aghalow I 7
Callidon1698Vestry Bk Aghalow I 7
Callidon1705Vestry Bk Aghalow II 11
Callidon1716Reg. Deeds abstracts vol. i $106, $2
Callidon1777Taylor & Skinner 256
Callidon1777Taylor & Skinner 276
Caledon1792Beaufort's Mem. Map 27 [Main Text]
Callidon1802Stat. Sur. Tyr. (McEvoy) 13
Callidon1802Stat. Sur. Tyr. (OSNB) NB 128;D52
Callidon, town, barony of Dungannon1802Stat. Sur. Tyr. (McEvoy) 158
Caledon (x 4, Earl of Caledon, Stat. Sur. Arm 304)1834cOSNB: gen. sources NB 128;D52
Caledon was formerly called Kinnaird Prop. Earl of1834cOSNB: gen. sources NB 128;D52
Caledon1835OSM xx 1
Caledon Demesne1835OSM xx 5
Caledon House1835OSM xx 4
~Ceann A/rd - i.e High Head was the old name1835J O'D (OSNB) NB 128;D52
go Cionn Ard1840cMac Bionaid 79 l.104
~Cinn Áird1905Post-Sheanchas
~The old Irish name is Ceannard, high head1920cTNCT 36
~Cinn Aird1969AGBP 135
~Cionn Aird1988Éire Thuaidh
~Cionn Aird [ ]1989GÉ 62
Caledon - app. from Caledonia, an archaic Roman na1999Dict. Ulst. PN 32
~Cionn Aird ""head/top of the hill""1999Dict. Ulst. PN 32
Cionn Aird2000Gateway to Ulster Map
Cionn Aird ""head of the height or hill""2002PNP talk PMcK/Omagh DC
Dungannon Lower
Parish in 1851
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