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Corcreeny, County Down

Origin

Ir. Corr Chríonaigh ‘hill of the dry branches’

Background

The first part of the name Corcreeny is probably corr ‘a round hill’, possibly followed by críonach ‘faggots’, which can be either masculine or feminine, derived from the adjective críon ‘withered, decayed’. Historical spellings of the name vary little, with an e or ee in the second syllable in all except the earliest, although the current local pronunciation is -e- rather than -ee-.  The vowel makes it unlikely that the second element is the tribal name Cruthin or Cruithne, as one would expect early spellings to give u.  Place-names like Duncroon, Co. Derry, (Dún Cruithne) and Crown Mound, Newry, (Áth Cruithne, PNI i 43) commemorate the border between this people, who are not to be confused with the Scottish Picts, and other tribes.  Uí Echach were Cruthin in origin, and the river Bann had been the boundary between them and Airgialla in this area (Geneal. Tracts 72 §112).  However, the word críonach is the most likely possibility.  Críonach appears by itself as a place-name as the site of a battle in 1086, apparently in Meath (AU).

References

Muhr, K. (1996): Place-Names of Northern Ireland vol. 6 p. 89

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference

td of Corcreeny and BallymcIteere (M'lin)

1655cCiv. Surv. x $73

Cor críanaighe "round hill of the withered trees or grass"

1834cJ O'D (OSNB) E2

Cor-críonaigh "round hill of the withered trees/grass/brambles"

1913Joyce iii 254

Corr Chríonaigh

1992PNI 89
2 hamlets Aghevackan Killileyny1611CPR Jas I 193a
Ballychorchryny in Clanconnell1611CPR Jas I 193a
Ballecharchuy Aghavackane Killeberry1627Inq. Ult. (Down) $9 Car. I
Corcreeny Killeloan1650cAtkinson's Donaghcloney 22
Creeve Corcrevy1657cHib. Reg. Lr. Iveagh
Corkrery1659cCensus 1659 79
Corcreevy Killeloan1661BSD 76-77
Corcreeny al Corcrney 231a, agkimacon[?] Killeloan1662Atkinson's Donaghcloney 144
Corcreeny1666ASE 49 b 19
Corcreny1666ASE 49 b 19
Corcreny Aghimecam pts of Killeon al. Killeen1666Lodge (Mooney) 336
Corcrevy1672cHib. Del. Down
3 sess: Corcreeney Killilean Aghimacan1691Atkinson's Donaghcloney 133
Corcreeny town (Waring)1691Atkinson's Donaghcloney 132
td Corcreeney = sess. Corcreeney Killilean Aghimac1691Atkinson's Donaghcloney 133
>Part of same [Killdon] als part of Corcreeny1692Rent Roll Down 6
Currereeny Aghameacam Killdon>1692Rent Roll Down 6
Corcreeny1755Map of Down (OSNB) E2
Corrcreany1771Vestry Bk D'cloney 114
Corncreeny1778Vestry Bk D'cloney 114
Corncraneny1780Vestry Bk D'cloney 114
Cornacreevy1796cDeeds & Wills (Mooney) 336
Corcreeny1810Wm. Map (OSNB) E2
Corkreany1834cClergyman (OSNB) E2
Barony
Iveagh Lr., Up. Half
Parish
Donaghcloney
Parish in 1851
Donaghcloney
Townland
None
Place name ID
11254
Place name type
T