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Claggan North, County Tyrone

Origin

Ir. Cloigeann ‘skull (exact interpretation to be determined)’ + E. North

Background

Claggan appears as the name of five Co. Tyrone townlands, and the similarly-derived Clagan is exclusive to Co. Derry where it appears no less than five times.

 

The most likely origin of the two townland names is cloigeann, although its original interpretation is less clear. Its primary meaning, ‘skull’ may be a figurative reference to a hill or eminence within the townland. A second possible interpretation is listed by Ó Dónaill whereby it means ‘end’ as in ‘end of a townland’. Further possibilities are offered by Dinneen, including ‘the bowl of a spoon or ladle’, which again might be metaphorical (perhaps a hollow). Dinneen also offers ‘a headland; land lying on the borders of a swamp’, which could also be expected in a place-name.

According to Joyce (ii, 428), the cognate element claigeann ‘is often applied to a round, dry, hard, or rocky hill; and in this sense it gives names to all those places now called Clagan, Claggan and Cleggan’.

References

FK (2020)

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Claggan1830cOgilby, A. C23
Claggan JKC1830cOgilby, A. C23
Claigeann ""the bare scalp""1830cOgilby, A. C23
Claigeann for coll ""the scalp with nut bushes""1830cOgilby, A. C23
Claigeann ""a round rocky hill""1833cJ O'D (OSNB) C23
Cleggan, North,Sir J Hamilton1836OSM v 91
cloigean - Round rocky hill or bare headland1920cTNCT 64
Barony
Strabane Lower
Parish
Donaghedy
Parish in 1851
Donaghedy
Townland
None
Place name ID
1150
Place name type
T