Claggan North, County Tyrone
Ir. Cloigeann ‘skull (exact interpretation to be determined)’ + E. North
Claggan appears as the name of five Co. Tyrone townlands, and the similarly-derived Clagan is exclusive to Co. Derry where it appears no less than five times.
The most likely origin of the two townland names is cloigeann, although its original interpretation is less clear. Its primary meaning, ‘skull’ may be a figurative reference to a hill or eminence within the townland. A second possible interpretation is listed by Ó Dónaill whereby it means ‘end’ as in ‘end of a townland’. Further possibilities are offered by Dinneen, including ‘the bowl of a spoon or ladle’, which again might be metaphorical (perhaps a hollow). Dinneen also offers ‘a headland; land lying on the borders of a swamp’, which could also be expected in a place-name.
According to Joyce (ii, 428), the cognate element claigeann ‘is often applied to a round, dry, hard, or rocky hill; and in this sense it gives names to all those places now called Clagan, Claggan and Cleggan’.
Historical name form
|Old Form||Ref. Date||Reference|
|Claggan||1830c||Ogilby, A. C23|
|Claggan JKC||1830c||Ogilby, A. C23|
|Claigeann ""the bare scalp""||1830c||Ogilby, A. C23|
|Claigeann for coll ""the scalp with nut bushes""||1830c||Ogilby, A. C23|
|Claigeann ""a round rocky hill""||1833c||J O'D (OSNB) C23|
|Cleggan, North,Sir J Hamilton||1836||OSM v 91|
|cloigean - Round rocky hill or bare headland||1920c||TNCT 64|
- Strabane Lower
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type