Monclone, County Armagh
Ir. Mionchluain ‘little meadow’ or Mionchluainte ‘little meadows’
The origin of the second part of this name is fairly straight forward. This second element derives from the Irish element cluain ‘meadow’ or ‘pasture-land’. The origin of the first part of the name is more difficult as the medial vowel in the first element varies across the historical forms.
The forms beginning with mon- might indicate the element móin‘bogland’ as in Monard (An Mhóin Ard ‘the high bogland’) in Co. Cork and Monloum (An Mhóin Lom ‘the bare bogland) in Co. Waterford. Examples where móin is qualified by another noun, usually feature the definite article as in; Móin an tSagairt ‘bogland of the priest’ (Monataggart, Cos Cork and Waterford), Móin an Tóchair ‘bogland of the causeway’ (Monatogher, Co. Tipperary) and Móin an Iarla ‘bogland of the earl’ (Monanearla, Co. Limerick) (logainm.ie).
The form Moneclone (1583c) might suggest a form such as Móin na Cluain ‘bogland of the field’, however the other forms are lacking any evidence of the definite article and the form Móin Cluain ‘field bogland’ is unlikely.
In the absence of evidence of the definite article might be the pre-nominal adjective mion ‘small, tiny, diminutive’ (Ó Dónaill). Mion can appear anglicised in a number of ways; Mionlach ‘little lake’ is anglicised to both Menlough and Menlo in Co. Galway (logainm.ie) and Mionchluain ‘little meadow’ is anglicised toMincloon in Co. Galway (logainm.ie). The form Mionchluain is the most likely origin here. The forms that contain [t], Minclonte (1623); Moycluntye (1659) and Minclointy (1664) appear to represent a plural form of the name Mionchluainte ‘little meadows’
Historical name form
- Orior Lower
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type