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Monclone, County Armagh

Origin

Ir. Mionchluain ‘little meadow’ or Mionchluainte ‘little meadows’

Background

The origin of the second part of this name is fairly straight forward. This second element derives from the Irish element cluain ‘meadow’ or ‘pasture-land’. The origin of the first part of the name is more difficult as the medial vowel in the first element varies across the historical forms.

The forms beginning with mon- might indicate the element móin‘bogland’ as in Monard (An Mhóin Ard ‘the high bogland’) in Co. Cork and Monloum (An Mhóin Lom ‘the bare bogland) in Co. Waterford. Examples where móin is qualified by another noun, usually feature the definite article as in; Móin an tSagairt ‘bogland of the priest’ (Monataggart, Cos Cork and Waterford), Móin an Tóchair ‘bogland of the causeway’ (Monatogher, Co. Tipperary) and Móin an Iarla ‘bogland of the earl’ (Monanearla, Co. Limerick) (logainm.ie).

The form Moneclone (1583c) might suggest a form such as Móin na Cluain ‘bogland of the field’, however the other forms are lacking any evidence of the definite article and the form Móin Cluain ‘field bogland’ is unlikely.

In the absence of evidence of the definite article might be the pre-nominal adjective mion ‘small, tiny, diminutive’ (Ó Dónaill). Mion can appear anglicised in a number of ways; Mionlach ‘little lake’ is anglicised to both Menlough and Menlo in Co. Galway (logainm.ie) and Mionchluain ‘little meadow’ is anglicised toMincloon in Co. Galway (logainm.ie). The form Mionchluain is the most likely origin here. The forms that contain [t], Minclonte (1623); Moycluntye (1659) and Minclointy (1664) appear to represent a plural form of the name Mionchluainte ‘little meadows’

References

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Menalone, town of1583cFiants Eliz. 4327
Monclone1609Esch. Co. Map 5.26
Mynclaint1609Church Lands Arm. 97
Mynclamt1609CPR Jas I 375a
Monclone1615CPR Jas I 273b
(?)Moneclonebegg1616Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $5 Jas. I
Menclone1621CPR Jas I 478a
Minclonte1623Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $8 Jas. I
Menclone1633Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $20 Car. I
Minclanit1633Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $20 Car. I
Mincluint1633Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $20 Car. I
Mentloan1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 229
Meneclonee1657cHib. Reg.
Moycluntye1659Census 1659 30
Moneclone1661BSD 5
Minclointy1664HMR Orior 420
Minclointy1664HMR Murray (1941) 123
Menelones1672cHib. Del. 28
Mentclone1830cPrentis' MS (OSNB) NB 115
Muntlone1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) NB 115
Mentclone1834?Land agent (OSNB) NB 115
Mentclone1834?OSNB NB 115
Mentlone1834?Land agent (OSNB) NB 115
Mintloane1834?Evans's Return (OSNB) NB 115
Men cluain ""The Mead Park""1835Ballymore inf. NB 115
Munt-lone & Men-clone1835OSNB Pron. NB 115
~Mion-cluain ""small lawn or meadow""1835J O'D (OSNB) NB 115
Muntclone1838OSM vol. 1 pp 12, 15, 17
Barony
Orior Lower
Parish
Ballymore
Parish in 1851
Ballymore
Townland
None
Place name ID
11765
Place name type
T