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Aughnacloy, County Down

Origin

Ir. Áth na Cloiche ‘ford of the stone’

Background

Aughnacloy is a small townland (114 acres) on the east bank of the Bann, which divides it from the rest of the parish, although the boundary follows an oxbow loop to the west now detached from the river.  It was described as 40 acres in 1658.  There are few early forms of this name, but Anacly on Petty’s barony map (c.1657) would seem to indicate áth ‘ford’ as the first element.  The ford (on the Bann) may have been either that at Poland’s Bridge, which is now slightly north of the townland boundary, or at Radcliff’s Steps, now removed, on the southern boundary.  However the later spellings with Agh- and the current pronunciation [ax] make achadh ‘field’ equally likely.  There is no remarkable stone at present.  Dean Mooney followed Reeves (EA 311) in linking Aughnacloy with earlier Ardarragh al. Dromecrospatrick (CPR Jas I 1609). These names probably represent Ard an Rátha ‘height of the rath’ or Ard Darach ‘height of the oak’, depending on how the name was stressed, and Dún or Droim Croise Phádraig ‘hillfort/ridge of Patrick’s cross’.  There is no surviving cross, although the townland was church land.

References

Muhr, K. (1996): Place-Names of Northern Ireland vol. 6 p. 64

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference

Ath na Cloiche "Ford of the stone"

1834cJ O'D (OSNB) E18.172

Achadh na Cloiche

1950cMooney 1950c 93

Áth na Cloiche

1992PNI 64
Ardar[?r]agh al. Dromecrospatrick1609CPR Jas I 394b
Ardarragh al. Downecrospatricke1611CPR Jas I 191a
Anacly (hill)1657cHib. Reg. Up. Iveagh
Aghnecloy1658Inq. Ult. (Down) $1 Interreg.
Aghvacloye1661BSD 117
Aghvacloy1661?DS (Mooney) 17
Aghnacloy1810Wm. Map (OSNB) E18.172
Aghnacloy1830Bnd. Sur. (OSNB) E18.172
Aughnacloy1834cWm. Little (OSNB) E18.172
Barony
Iveagh Up., Up. Half
Parish
Annaclone
Parish in 1851
Annaclone
Townland
None
Place name ID
11775
Place name type
T