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Mount Stewart, County Down

Origin

Eng. mount + Stewart (surname)

Background

5km SE of Newtownwards

par: Greyabbey bar: Ards Lower

According to Reeves (EA 19) the church site situated in what we know today as Mount Stewart Demesne was known as Templecrone .  This seems to have been used as a townland name, as we find it mentioned in some 17th-century documents alongside other townlands from this parish. However, the name appears as Ballytamplechronan in 1636 which suggests a connection with Crónán, bishop of Nendrum (on the opposite shore of Strangford Lough), who is commemorated in the Martyrology of Donegal under the date January 7. One should also note the minor name Templecraney in Ardquin parish although it has been suggested that this name derives from Ir. Teampall Crannaí ''church of the stake fence'. The name Templecronan/Templecrone was superseded by Mount Stewart which was applied to the house built there in the late 18th century.  According to ASCD (374) a road book published in 1786 refers to the construction by the Rt. Hon. Robert Stewart of ‘a magnificent seat’, namely Mount Stewart.  The present house was built c. 1840-50 (ASCD).

References

Hannan R. J. (1992): Place-Names of Northern Ireland vol. 2 p. 208; revised PT, MÓM; McKay, P. (2007): A Dictionary of Ulster Place-Names, p. 111/112

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference

Ballytamplechronan al' Owfestowne

1636Inq. Ult. (Down) §75 Car. I

Templecrone, Ballycastlen al'

1636Inq. Ult. (Down) §75 Car. I

Templechrone al Ballenhall al Oulestowne

1650cInq. Ult. (Down) §109 Car. I

Templecrone

1659cCensus 1659 93
Mount Stewart1810Wm. Map (OSNB) No. 92
Mount Stewart1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) No. 92
Mount Stewart1830cTythes Applot. (OSNB) No. 92
Barony
Ards Lower
Parish
Grey Abbey
Parish in 1851
Greyabbey
Townland
None
Place name ID
11977
Place name type
T