Gransha, County Down
Ir. An Ghráinseach ‘the grange or monastic farm’
The name of the townland of Gransha is recorded as Ballenegrange in 1623 and as Granshagh in the Census of c.1659. The Irish word gráinseach ‘a grange’ is a borrowing from Norman-French grange and refers to a unit of land held by a monastery of the 12th- or post-12th-century period, frequently an Anglo-Norman monastery (Flanagan 1981-2, 75). The grange was not necessarily adjacent to the monastery to which it belonged and in this case the monastery was presumably the Cistercian monastery of Comber which stood approximately two miles to the east.
There are ten townlands named Gransha(gh). All but one of these is in Ulster and apart from this townland four are in Co. Down, in the parishes of Newry (PNI i 27), Inishargy (PNI ii 90), Bangor (PNI ii 163) and Dromara.
ReferencesP. McKay, 2009
Historical name form
|Old Form||Ref. Date||Reference|
Gráinseasch ""a grange""
|1834c||J O'D (OSNB) E 19|
|Ballegrangeogh||1623||Ham. Copy Inq.  xlv|
|Ballenegrange||1623||Ham. Copy Inq.  xxxiv|
|Grangiah||1623||Ham. Copy Inq.  xxxii|
|Ballegrangiogh||1630||Ham. Patent  xii|
|Ballenegrange||1630||Ham. Patent  xiii|
|Ballinegrauch al Ballinegraugheuagh||1630||Ham. Patent  xx|
|Ballegrangy||1645||Inq. Ult. (Down) $104 Car. I|
|Ballenegrange||1645||Inq. Ult. (Down) $104 Car. I|
|Granshagh||1659c||Census 1659 87|
|Granshogh||1810||Wm. Map (OSNB) E 19|
|Gransha||1830c||Bnd. Sur. (OSNB) E 19|
- Castlereagh Lower
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type