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Gransha, County Down


Ir. An Ghráinseach ‘the grange or monastic farm’


The name of the townland of Gransha is recorded as Ballenegrange in 1623 and as Granshagh in the Census of c.1659. The Irish word gráinseach ‘a grange’ is a borrowing from Norman-French grange and refers to a unit of land held by a monastery of the 12th- or post-12th-century period, frequently an Anglo-Norman monastery (Flanagan 1981-2, 75). The grange was not necessarily adjacent to the monastery to which it belonged and in this case the monastery was presumably the Cistercian monastery of Comber which stood approximately two miles to the east.

There are ten townlands named Gransha(gh). All but one of these is in Ulster and apart from this townland four are in Co. Down, in the parishes of Newry (PNI i 27), Inishargy (PNI ii 90), Bangor (PNI ii 163) and Dromara.


P. McKay, 2009

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference

Gráinseasch ""a grange""

1834cJ O'D (OSNB) E 19
Ballegrangeogh1623Ham. Copy Inq. [1623] xlv
Ballenegrange1623Ham. Copy Inq. [1623] xxxiv
Grangiah1623Ham. Copy Inq. [1623] xxxii
Ballegrangiogh1630Ham. Patent [1630] xii
Ballenegrange1630Ham. Patent [1630] xiii
Ballinegrauch al Ballinegraugheuagh1630Ham. Patent [1630] xx
Ballegrangy1645Inq. Ult. (Down) $104 Car. I
Ballenegrange1645Inq. Ult. (Down) $104 Car. I
Granshagh1659cCensus 1659 87
Granshagh1661BSD 129
Granshogh1810Wm. Map (OSNB) E 19
Gransha1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) E 19
Castlereagh Lower
Parish in 1851
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