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Lisoid, County Down


Ir. Lios Fhóid ‘fort of the sod, land or territory’


Lisoid can be identified with a townland which is referred to as Balyalghan or Balycalghan in 1333, as Ballygallaghan in 1619 and as Ballygullaghan als Lyode in 1661. The origin of this older name for the townland is uncertain but it may derive from Irish Baile Ó gCeallacháin ‘townland of the O’Callaghans’. The homeland of the family of Ó Ceallacháin was in the south of Co. Cork (Woulfe 1923, 457) but Bell (1988, 27) informs us that ‘some of the Ulster Callaghans will be of this connection’. The most satisfactory interpretation of Lisoid is Lios Fhóid ‘fort of the sod, land or territory’. In place-names the element fód (literally ‘sod’) can sometimes signify ‘land or territory’ (Joyce ii 382). One fort is recorded in the townland. In the parish of Drumbo in the north-west of the county there is a townland named Lisnode (Ir. Lios an Fhóid ‘fort of the sod, land or territory’).


PMcK, 2009

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference

Balyalghan or Balycalghan

1333Cal. Inq. Post Mortem


1618Inq. Ult. (Down) §8 Jac. I

Lios Fhóid ""fort of the sod""

1834cJ O'D (OSNB) 170
Lisode al Balligellaghan1657cHib. Reg. Lecale
Lisode als Balligellaghan1657cHib. Reg.
Ballygullaghan al Lyode1661BSD 99
Lisode1672cHib. Del. Down
Lisode1672cHib. Del.
Ballygagallaghan als B''gullaghan als Lyssode1692Rent Roll Down 4
Lissoid1755Map of Down (OSNB) E 120
Lisoid1810Wm. Map (OSNB) E 120
Lissoid1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) E 120
Lecale Upper
Parish in 1851
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