Armaghbrague, County Armagh
Ir. Ard Mhacha Bréige ‘false Armagh'
The first part of this name is identical to the anglicised form of county name Armagh which derives from Ard Mhacha ‘height of Macha’. According to previous proposals, this component is then qualified by the element bréag ‘lie, untruth’ which is most likely interpreted as ‘false Armagh’.
Armaghbrague is the location of St.Patrick's first church in Armagh, now the site of an 18thcentury church & graveyard. Prior to the Christian era, Armaghbrague was the site of a pagan temple, named Ard Macha (Glancy 1956, 78). According to Glancy, St. Patrick would normally have erected a church in the vicinity of this pagan temple, but chose to build his cathedral church in Drumsaileach due to its proximity to Eamhain Macha, the 600 year seat of the kings of Ulster. Drumsaileach then became known as Ardsaileach (in accordance with the tendency of the period to prefix the name of a religious edifice with ard-). St. Patrick then apparently altered Ardsaileach to Ard Macha to secure, for his own foundation, the prestige previously attributed to the pagan temple. The name of the site of the pagan temple then became Ard Macha Breughaighe ‘the height of the false Macha’.
There is also a Dromorebrague (possibly Droim Mór Bréige ‘false Dromore’) in Co. Down.
Historical name form
|Old Form||Ref. Date||Reference|
|Armaghbraga||1609||Esch. Co. Map|
|Armaghbregagh||1609||Church Lands Arm. 88|
|Armaghbreagh||1613||Rent Roll Arm. (PRONI) 6|
|Armaghbregie||1614c||CPR Jas I 273b|
|Armaghbregie||1620c||CPR Jas I 478a|
|Ardmaghbreaghie||1633||Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $20 Car. I|
|Armaghbregg||1633||Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $20 Car. I|
|~(?)go hArdm[acha] Bréige||1644||Cín Lae Ó M. $22,27|
|Ardmag Brege||1657||Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 219|
|Aramaghbegg||1659||Cen. Fews 1659 33|
|Ardmaghbreg||1659||Census 1659 33|
|Ardmaghbreag||1664||HMR Murray (1941) 165|
|Ardmaghbreg||1672c||Hib. Del. 28|
|Armaghbregagh||1818c||CPR Jas I 375a|
|Armagh Brague||1830c||Bnd. Sur. (OSNB) A742/A144|
|Armaghbreague||1830c||Ret. Tds Armstrong's Sur. (OSNB) A742/A144|
|Ardmacha Bre/ige ""Pseudo Armagh""||1835c||J O'D (OSNB) A742/A144|
|~Armaghbreagh Ard-magh-bréag the leveret''s high plain''||1838c||Donaldson's Fews 98|
|~Armaghbreague the lying or pseudo Armagh||1911||Arm. Clergy 120|
|~Armaghbreag - Ard-mach''-bréugach, the lying or pseudo Armag||1923||Murray's Fews 107|
|Ard Mhacha Bréige ""false Armagh""||2003||NIPNP replies PMcK/PNíU|
|Ard Macha Bréige ""false Armagh""||2004||NIPNP replies KMtoArmTur|
- Fews Upper
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type