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Bann, River, County Down/Armagh/Antrim/Derry

Origin

Ir. An Bhanna 'the goddess'

Background

The River Bann is one of Ireland's largest rivers and is acknowledged as such in the early 9th-century text the Triads of Ireland where it appears in the company of the Shannon and the Boyne.  It rises in Deers' Meadow in the parish of Clonduff (J 2725) and enters Lough Neagh approximately six miles north-west of Portadown.  This part of the river is also known as the Upper Bann to distinguish it from the Lower Bann which makes its exit from Lough Neagh at Toome in Co. Antrim and enters the sea near Coleraine.  In Modern Irish it is An Bhanna but this derives from an earlier Banda which O'Rahilly (1933, 217) analyses as a compound of ban and dea meaning 'a goddess'.  It is not unusual for Irish river names to reflect the pagan worship of deities.  The Bann in Co. Wexford and the Bandon in Co. Cork are similarly derived from Irish Banda (nom.), Ban(n)dain (dat.), and the Boyne derives its name from a goddess called Bóinn (earlier Boann < Bó Fhind 'white cow') in Irish (O'Rahilly 1933, 217; 1946, 3; 266).  O'Donovan suggests that the Bann is to be identified with the Argita on a map of Ireland drawn by the Greek geographer Ptolemy c. 100 AD (64).  O'Rahilly disagrees, however.  He identifies the Argita with the River Bush and the Vidva with the Bann and goes on to equate the latter with Old Irish fedb "widow" (O'Rahilly 1946, 6).  This is purely speculative and may not necessarily be correct. 

References

Ó Mainnín, M. (1992): Place-Names of Northern Ireland vol. 3 p. 175-7; see also Muhr, K. (1996): Place-Names of Northern Ireland vol. 6 p. 322-3 (regarding the Upper Bann in Co. Down)

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference

[flumen] Bandae

0670cEA 330

isin mBanda

0728AFM i 326

Banda

0800cTriads of Ireland 4

don Bandai airthir

0900cTrip. Life (Stokes) i 160

for ur na Bandae anair

0900cTrip. Life (Stokes) i 166

for ur na Banna tiar

0900cTrip. Life (Stokes) i 166

oc Banna airthir

0900cTrip. Life (Stokes) i 250

Banna

1100cMet. Dinds. i 42

ar bru Banna i nUib Echach [upper Bann]

1125cCSH $707.282

co Bannai

1125cCGH 54 122bb9

co Bannai

1125cCGH 54 122bb9

for brú na Banna Ichtair [Lower Bann]

1125cCSH $52

for Banna, iar nUactur, for Glend Ríge [Upper Bann]

1160cLL iv l.24224 [Imm. Dá T.= §5, 290]

Banna

1200cGir. Cambrensis 36

Banna

1200cBuile Suibhne 32

[ultra] Banum

1213EA 324

[ultra] Bannam

1215EA 324

[ultra] Bannam

1220EA 324

Banne, Piscariae de la

1260cExch. Accounts Ulst. 162

An Bhanna

1315ALC i 566

Banne, le

1315Charts St. Mary's Abbey ii 344

Banna

1350cBuile Suibhne 32

Tuath Inbhir [mouth of R. Bann]

1400cBuile Suibhne 48

tar Banna

1418AFM iv 834

tar Banna

1419AFM iv 838

ar bun na Banna

1472AFM iv 1078

na Banna, ar bun

1472AU iii 256

ar bun na Banna

1475AFM iv 1090

na Banna, ar bun

1475AU iii 256

tar Banna siar

1495AFM iv 1220

tar Banna soir

1506AFM v 1288

for an mBanna

1540AFM v 1458

tar ferstibh na Banna

1542AFM v 1470

tar Banna

1544AFM v 1488

Banne flu

1564Mercator's Ire. (1564)

lands between.. Strangforde and the Banne [section of R. Bann in Iveagh]

1570Fiants Eliz. $1530

Banne flu

1573Ortelius Map

isin mBanna

1577AFM v 1692

Ban

1586EA 329

Banna flu

1595Mercator's Ulst.

Banna flu

1595Mercator's Ire.

Bann

159?cEA 331

Band flu

1600Bartlett Map (BM)

Ban

1603Inq. Ult. (Derry) $2 Jac. I

Bande

1603EA 330

Bande

1603CPR Jas I 3b

Bande

1603CPR Jas I 3b

Bande

1604CPR Jas I 58a

Bann

1605Inq. Ant. (DK) 43,45,50

Banne

1605CPR Jas I 71a,72b,

Banne

1605CPR Jas I 71a,72b,

Banne

1605CPR Jas I 78a,83a

Banne

1606CPR Jas I 93ab

Banne

1606CPR Jas I 92a

Banne

1608CPR Jas I 122b

Banne

1608CPR Jas I 122b

Le Ban flu

1609Esch. Co. Map

Flu Band

1609cBoazio's Map (NG)

Ban flu

1610Speed's Antrim & Down

Ban flu

1610Speed's Ulster

Band flu [Lower Bann]

1610Speed's Ulster

Band flu

1610Speed's Ulster

Banna fl.

1610Mercator's/Hole's Ire.

Band hauen [mouth of R. Bann]

1610Speed's Ulster

Band

1610Bishop. Der. i 35,37,52

Bann

1610CPR Jas I 183a

Bann

1610CPR Jas I 183a,184a

Bann

1610Bishop. Der. i 52,59

Banne

1610Bishop. Der. i 33-35,38,43,4

Bann flu

1610cNorden's Map

Ban

1611Bishop. Der. i 78

Bann

1611CPR Jas I 200b

Banne

1611CPR Jas I 200b

Bann

1612Bishop. Der. i 87

Bann

1613Bishop. Der. i 96

Bann

1613Charter of Londonderry 64,66,73,89,94

Bann

1615CPR Jas I 279b

Bann

1615CPR Jas I 279b

Bann

1615Bishop. Der. i 104

Banne

1617CPR Jas I 354b

Band

1618CPR Jas I 419a

Bann

1618CPR Jas I 413b

Banne

1618CPR Jas I 37ab,379

ryver of the Bande

1618Inq. Ult. (Down) xlii

Bann

1619Inq. Ult. (Antrim) Jac.I $2

le Band

1621Inq. Ult. (Antrim) Jac.I $7

Bande

1621Bishop. Der. i 137,141

Bann

1621CPR Jas I 524ab

Bann

1621CPR Jas I 524a

Banne

1621Bishop. Der. i 138

Bann

1622CPR Jas I 547b,560

Bann

1622EA 260

Bande

1623CPR Jas I 564a

foarde Abyogg, ryver Bonde [in par. Drumballyroney, Co. Down]

1623Inq. Ult. (Down) xliv

river of the Bande

1623CPR Jas I 304b

for brú Banna iochtaraicche

1630cMart. Gorm. Jan. 22 p20n

for brú Banna

1630cMart. Gorm. Jan. 9 p12n

for brú Banna

1630cMart. Don. Jan 9 p11

for brú na Banna

1630cMart. Gorm. Oct. 30 p206n

Banna

1633cCéitinn i 166

Banne

1638Bishop. Der. i 223

[adversa] Bannei

1647EA 330

[Clann Domhnaill Duinn] na Bana [section of R. Bann in Iveagh Upper]

1650cEA 387

the bann

1652Brownlow LB 44

Bann

1654Civ. Surv. iii 144

Bann

1654Civ. Surv. iii 146-148,150

Ban

1654-Civ. Surv. 67a

Bann

1654-Civ. Surv. 67a

Bann

1654-Civ. Surv. 65ab,66a

Band

1655cCiv. Surv. iii 168,182,183

river Bann .. northward .. to Seapatrick [section of R. Bann in Iveagh]

1655cCiv. Surv. x $73

Bann

1657Bishop. Der. i 268,269,273,3

Banne

1657Bishop. Der. i 310

Band

1661Bishop. Der. i 327

Le Ban

1666Bishop. Der. i 402

[Decime] Banne

1666Bishop. Der. i 403

[latitudinis] Banne

1666Bishop. Der. i 403

[ostium] Banne [mouth of R. Bann]

1666Bishop. Der. i 403

[prope] Bannam

1666Bishop. Der. i 403

Bann

1669Bishop. Der. i 420

Bann

1672Bishop. Der. ii 8 $213

Banflu

1672cHib. Del. Down

the bann

1673Brownlow LB 84,85

Banna

1680cLCABuidhe 51

the lough and ban

1690Brownlow LB 70

the ban and Loghgullin

1693Brownlow LB 70

An Banna

175cMac Cumhaigh (b) 21:189 p124

An Bhanna

1834cJ O'D (OSNB) E135

Bann road

1835cOSM xxii 70

the Bann

1835cOSM xxii 72

the River Bann

1835cOSM xxii 67

ón Bhanna

1840cMac Bionaid 12: 54 et pas.

Banna

1847EA 330

An Bhanna

1989GÉ 266

Bhanna, An

1989GÉ 29

An Bhanna ""the White Goddess""

1991NIPNP posters Coleraine

Bhanna, An

1992PNI 322

An Bhanna ""the goddess""

1999Dict. Ulst. PN 20

An Bhanna ""the goddess""

1999Dict. Ulst. PN 20

Banna

1999Cel. Ulst. Tds 13

soir co Banna

919AFM ii 604

sair co Bandai

921AU i 372

co Banna, ota Bernus Tire hAeda

MidIrGeneal. Tracts Ba $14, A $112

o Banda co Loch Febail

MidIrGeneal. Tracts Bc $8,A $112

Bandai [Búas, Boand, Bandai]

O.Ir.TBDD $154

Banna [Búas, Bóann, Banna]

O.Ir.Cath MT $79

Banna

O.Ir.Cath MT $79
Banne, The whole water or rivulet of the1535cCPR (Tresham) ii 5
Bann1567Goghe's Map
Ban fl:1570cUlster Map 1580c
Flu Little band1599Boazio's Map (BM)
Head of the Ban1600Bartlett Map (BM)
Banne fl.1601Bartlett Map (TCD)
Banne Brassill fl:1603Bartlett Maps (Esch. Co. Maps) 1
Head of the Banne1603Bartlett Maps (Esch. Co. Maps) 2
Heade of the Banne1603Bartlett Maps (Esch. Co. Maps) 1
The Banne1603Bartlett Maps (Esch. Co. Maps) 2
Flu Litlleband1609cBoazio's Map (NG)
The Band flu [Lower Bann]1610Speed's Antrim & Down
Bann water, the head of1657cHib. Reg. Up. Iveagh
Bann, the river1657cHib. Reg. Up. Iveagh
Ban, the head of ye1672cHib. Del. Down
Banflu1672cHib. Del. Down
Bann Water, the1692cHam. Rent-roll 131
Bann, the River1744Harris Hist. 105
Ban river1810Wm. Map (OSNB) E11, E135
Bann River1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) E209
""the Argita or silvery river of Ptolemy""1834cJ O'D (OSNB) E135
Barony
None
Parish
None
Parish in 1851
None
Townland
numerous
Place name ID
14318
Place name type
M:W