Placenamesni.orgthe history behind our place-names

Ballynagross, County Down


Ir. Baile na gCros ‘townland of the crosses’


In the early 17th century Ballynagross, then spelt Ballynecrosse (CPR Jas I 394b), was one of the 12 townlands of Shankill.  This enables the forms to be distinguished from those of the townland of Ballycross in Glasquirin in the parish of Magherally.  Another differentiating feature is the mapping of the Shankill townlands by Petty, which links them rather than Glasquirin with people accused of rebellion in 1641.  The spellings in -gross, occurring from 1641 on (Wars Co. Down 77-8), indicate more than one cross in Ballynagross, since in Irish nasalization occurred after the article in the genitive plural.  However it is not clear what the ‘crosses’ were: no suitable ancient monuments or crossroads appear on the modern map.


Muhr, K. (1996): Place-Names of Northern Ireland vol. 6 p. 67

Additional Information

Townland Index 1851 spelling: Ballynagross; alias Ballynacross, incl. on 1:50,000 map

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference

(?) Ballinegrosse, O Magullaghan of

1641Wars Co. Down x 77

(?) Ballynegross

1641Wars Co. Down x 78

Baile na gcros "Town of the crosses"

1834cJ O'D (OSNB) E18.172

Baile na gCros

1992PNI 67
Ballynecrosse (in Shanchall)1609CPR Jas I 394b
Ballynecrosse (in Shanchall)1611CPR Jas I 190a
3 qrs Ballynecrosse (in Shanechall)1618Inq. Ult. (Down) $7 Jac. I
(?)Ballynegross1641Wars Co. Down x 78
Ballinogrosse1657cHib. Reg. Up. Iveagh
a qr of Ballynegross1659cCensus 1659 75
one qr of Ballynegross1659cCensus 1659 75
Ballynagrosse1661BSD 117
Ballilogrosse / Ballilagrosse [Petty]1661?Mooney MS 19
Ballinagrosse1672cHib. Del. Down
3 qrs Ballynecrosse1681ASE 274 a 29
3 qrs Ballynecross1692Rent Roll Down 11
Ballynagross1810Wm. Map (OSNB) E18.13
Iveagh Up., Up. Half
Parish in 1851
Place name ID
Place name type