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Tannyoky, County Armagh

Origin

perhaps Ir. Tamhnach Óg ‘young field’

Background

The first element in this place-name is tamhnach, which is generally construed as a ‘cultivated spot’ or ‘arable spot’ and usually translated as ‘field’ (Flanagan & Flanagan 1994, 147). The appearance of -nn- in the modern form which first appears in the 1661 form Tonnyoaka is likely the result of a mistranscription of the orthographically similar-m- of tamhnach.

The devoiced [k] of most of the historical forms is likely to have originally been a voiced [g] consonant, which appears in the earliest form Tamnaghoge (1427). If correct, this might suggest that the second element is óg ‘young’ which could be interpreted as recently cultivated in a form such as Tamhnach Óg ‘young field’. Alternatively, tamnhach might be qualified by a name such as Ó Cheog which is anglicised as -hoge in the townland of Baile Uí Cheog, Ballyhoge, in Co. Wexford (logainm.ie).

References

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Tamnaghoge1427Reg. Swayne 168
Tannyokagh1609Esch. Co. Map 5.26
Tawnaghkeagh1609Church Lands Arm. 97
Tawny-yockeagh1611CPR Jas I 189a
Tawny-yockagh1613CPR Jas I 232b
Tawnyokashe1623Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $8 Jas. I
Tawnyyokagh1623Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $8 Jas. I
Taunaghyoky1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 230
Taunaghyoky1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 229
Tonaghhickin al'' Jannaghyeakey1661Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $11 Car. II
Tonnyoaka1661BSD 5
Taniokey1830cPrentis' MS (OSNB) NB 115
Tannyoakey1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) NB 115
Tain-a-oiche ""the herds water""1834?Ballymore inf. NB 115
Tan-he-o-key1834?OSNB Pron. NB 115
Tannyoky1834?Land agent (OSNB) NB 115
Tinneokay-fee1834?Evans's Return (OSNB) NB 115
~Tamnach O''Ciaidh ""O''Key''s field""1835OSNB Inf. NB 115
Barony
Orior Lower
Parish
Ballymore
Parish in 1851
Ballymore
Townland
None
Place name ID
14339
Place name type
T