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Tannyoky, County Armagh


perhaps Ir. Tamhnach Óg ‘young field’


The first element in this place-name is tamhnach, which is generally construed as a ‘cultivated spot’ or ‘arable spot’ and usually translated as ‘field’ (Flanagan & Flanagan 1994, 147). The appearance of -nn- in the modern form which first appears in the 1661 form Tonnyoaka is likely the result of a mistranscription of the orthographically similar-m- of tamhnach.

The devoiced [k] of most of the historical forms is likely to have originally been a voiced [g] consonant, which appears in the earliest form Tamnaghoge (1427). If correct, this might suggest that the second element is óg ‘young’ which could be interpreted as recently cultivated in a form such as Tamhnach Óg ‘young field’. Alternatively, tamnhach might be qualified by a name such as Ó Cheog which is anglicised as -hoge in the townland of Baile Uí Cheog, Ballyhoge, in Co. Wexford (


Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Tamnaghoge1427Reg. Swayne 168
Tannyokagh1609Esch. Co. Map 5.26
Tawnaghkeagh1609Church Lands Arm. 97
Tawny-yockeagh1611CPR Jas I 189a
Tawny-yockagh1613CPR Jas I 232b
Tawnyokashe1623Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $8 Jas. I
Tawnyyokagh1623Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $8 Jas. I
Taunaghyoky1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 229
Taunaghyoky1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 230
Tonaghhickin al'' Jannaghyeakey1661Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $11 Car. II
Tonnyoaka1661BSD 5
Taniokey1830cPrentis' MS (OSNB) NB 115
Tannyoakey1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) NB 115
Tain-a-oiche ""the herds water""1834?Ballymore inf. NB 115
Tan-he-o-key1834?OSNB Pron. NB 115
Tannyoky1834?Land agent (OSNB) NB 115
Tinneokay-fee1834?Evans's Return (OSNB) NB 115
~Tamnach O''Ciaidh ""O''Key''s field""1835OSNB Inf. NB 115
Orior Lower
Parish in 1851
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