Cross, County Armagh
Ir. Baile na gCros ‘townland of the crosses’
The original form of the name contained the element baile ‘townland’ and the the definite article. Because the nazalization of an initial c following the gen. pl. of the definite article is frequently omitted from anglicized forms it is difficult to say whether the form of the article is gen. sing. fem. or gen. pl.. Thus the original may have been either Baile na Croise ‘town of the cross’ or Baile na gCros ‘town of the crosses’.
If the name contained the singular of the definite article and noun, na croise, one would expect to have the slender s of croise reflected in the forms. However, in place-names a slender s in the original Irish form was frequently not represented as such in the anglicized forms (Adams 1954 30). A map by Roque of county Armagh in the mid-18th century shows several roads converging in this townland. This factor weighs in favour of the gen. pl. of cros.
Notwithstanding the reference to the name on Roque’s map, the name may, of course, refer to ‘cross’ in the religious sense where cros could also mean ‘shrine’ or ‘church’. Given the proximity of the townland to St. Moninne’s church, the religious implication is quite a feasible one.
Historical name form
|Old Form||Ref. Date||Reference|
|Ballinecros||1609||Esch. Co. Map 5.26|
|Ballinecrosse||1611||CPR Jas I 187a|
|Ballinecrosse||1621||CPR Jas I 536b|
|Crosse||1657||Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 228|
|Crosre||1659||Census 1659 31|
|(?)Ballynecrosse||1661||Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $10 Car. II|
|Crosse & Kegall||1664||HMR Murray (1941) 133|
|Cross Mill||1760||Rocque's Map (Coote)|
|Cross alias Camlough||1835c||Cess Book (OSNB) No. 171|
|~Cam-loch ""crooked lake""||1835c||J O'D (OSNB) No. 171|
|~Baile na Crosie(sic) ""town of the crossing""||1955||O'Kane's Killevy app.a(ii)|
|Baile na gCros ""townland of the crosses""||2004||NIPNP replies KMtoArmTur|
- Orior Upper
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type