Kirkland and Toy, County Down
Kirkland: Sc./Northern Eng. kirk 'church' + land; earlier Ir. Cill Aindreasa ‘(St) Andrew’s church’; Toy: Ir. Baile Tuaithe ‘townland of the tuath’
Kirkland and Toy were originally two units, listed separately in the sources – the church reference usually following that for Tullymacnous. The English name Kirkland arose because the townland contains the church of St Andrew, Killaresy < Cill Aindreasa. One may note the occurrence of the name Kirkland as a parish in Cumberland.
The ruins of the church of Killaresy stand in a small walled graveyard. Although Reeves mentioned ‘masonry of a very ancient character’ the surviving ruins are post-medieval (NISMR). Reeves says that the church of St Andrews, ‘generally called Killrasy or Killandrews’ gave its name to a prebend in Down Cathedral. The 1615 Terrier lists Killandrus between Ringhaddy and Killyleagh, and it was later incorporated in Killyleagh (EA 186-7).
There is less evidence for the name Toy but from the 1605 spelling ballitoagh al’ toy it may have been Baile Tuaithe ‘townland of the tuath’, like Ballintoy on the north Antrim coast.
ReferencesKM, 2009; with additions PT, 2013
alias of Toy and Kirkland
Historical name form
|Old Form||Ref. Date||Reference|
|Ballicoy||1605||Inq. Ult. (Down) $1 Jac. I|
|Ballitoagh al. toy||1605||Inq. Ult. (Down) $1 Jac. I|
|Ballytoy otherwise Ballycoy||1624||CPR Jas I 587b|
|(?)The Church Quarter||1625c||Raven Map Clandeboye 69|
|Toy||1625c||Raven Map Clandeboye 59,70|
|Balletoye al. Ballecoye||1645||Inq. Ult. (Down) $104 Car. I|
|Kirkland||1659c||Census 1659 84|
|Toytowne||1659c||Census 1659 84|
|Toy, The Towne and Lands of = Tullymcc Knowey||1661||BSD 63|
|Balleherman||1662||Inq. Ult. (Down) $23 Car. II|
|Toy||1663||Sub. Roll Down 289|
|~Tuaith, An||1989||GÉ 169|
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type