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Ards Peninsula, County Down

Origin

Ir. Aird Uladh [ardge ulloo]‘peninsula of the Ulstermen’.

Background

On Co. Down coast, stretching from Newtownards in the N to Ballyquintin Point in the S

bar: Ards Lower/Ards Upper

In the seventh and eighth centuries the Ards peninsula was known as Aird Ua nEchach ‘peninsula of the Uí Echach (tribe)’. After the Uí Echach were conquered by the Vikings in the ninth century their name disappeared from the place-name and was replaced by Uladh, i.e. ‘of the Ulstermen’. The northern portion of the peninsula forms the barony of Ards Lower while the southern portion forms the barony Ards Upper. The name of the peninsula forms the final element of the name of the town of Newtownards.

References

McKay, P. (2007): A Dictionary of Ulster Place-Names, p. 7; see also Hannan R. J. (1992): Place-Names of Northern Ireland vol. 2 p. 1-4, where the name is discussed in further detail.

Additional Information

For historical forms of the name Ards applying specifically to the baronies see Ards Upper and Ards Lower

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference

i nAirdd nepotum nEchdaigh

0703AU (Mac Airt) 162

ac Airdiu

0824AU (Mac Airt) 280

(?) na hArda, Findchadan

0830cMart. Tal. Feb 23 p18

a h-Aird Ulad

0830cFél. Óeng. May 29 p. 136

a n-Aird Ulad

0830cFél. Óeng. May 29 p. 136

i nAird Ulad

0830cMart. Tal. May 29 p. 46

ic Ard Ulad

0830cFél. Óeng. May 29 p. 136

in Aird

0830cFél. Óeng. Sept 25 p. 212

Aird Uladh

1011AFM ii 766

An Aird

1011AFM ii 766

Aird Ulad, co rici

1012AU (Mac Airt) 442

in Aird, coro ort

1012AU (Mac Airt) 442

in Ardo

1034Brit. Mus. MS. (EA) 16n

do ríg na Harda (Ulaid)

1050cLebor na Cert 84 l.1250

na hArda, tuaristal ríg

1050cLebor na Cert l. 1312

altitudo Vltorum

1125cVSSH Plummer ii 7 §13

co hairther na hArda

1130AU (Mac Airt) 578

co hairther na hArda

1130AFM ii 1036

i nAird Uladh

1170Mart. Gorm. May 29 p. 106

i nAird Uladh

1170Mart. Gorm. Sept. 25 p. 184

i nAird Uladh

1170Mart. Gorm. June 24 p. 122

(?) n-Arda, Fioncadán

1170cMart. Gorm. Feb 23 n1 p42

na hArdda, Húi Echach

1170cCGH 331 a 9

Art

1192cCartae Dun. 421 §8

isin Aird

1200cDescendants Ir 46

de Arce

1204Pontif. Hib. i 126

in Arte

1204Pontif. Hib. i 126

de Art

1211cPipe Roll John 82

in Arte

1225CDI i §1264

del Art

1226cClose Roll Hen. III (EA) 16n

in Arte

1227cCartae Dun. 422 §10

del Ard, Brianus

1237cHist. & Mun. Docs. 116 [cited in OG 35]

in Ardo

1280Cartae Dun. 424 §14

in Ardis in Ultonia

1300cCharts St. Mary's Abbey i 4

Ardo, Decanat' de

1306EA 16

Aird Ulad, righ airm-derg

1350cCMR II 230

in Ards (?)

1389CPR (de hÓir) 83

a h-Aird Ulad

1400cFél. Óeng. May 29 p.136

in Aird Uladh

1433AFM iv 897

in Ardo

1449Reg. Mey §170

in Ardo

1450cRot. Ant. Ecc. Dun. 171

a n-Aird Ulad

1453cFél. Óeng. May 29 p.136

ic Ard Ulad

1453cFél. Óeng. May 29 p.136

a n-Aird Ulad

1470AU iii 232

a n-Aird Uladh

1470AU iii 232

a n-Ard Uladh

1470AU iii 232

a n-Ard Uladh

1470AU iii 232

in Aird

1470cFél. Óeng. Sept 25 p.212

in Ards

1538Cal. Carew MSS 149

a n-Aird Ulad

1540AU iii 632

a n-Aird Uladh

1540AU iii 632

Arde

1549Cal. Carew MSS 224

Arde Savage

1553Cal. Carew MSS 242

Ard

1562Cal. Carew MSS 333

the Arde

1566Caulfield 1870 20

Arde

1567Goghe's Map

in Ardee

1570Fiants Eliz. §1659

(?) Ardee [marked somewhat to the west of the barony boundary]

1570cEarly Chart B'fast Lough

the Arde

1572MacDonnells Antrim 407-8

the Ardes

1572MacDonnells Antrim 406

in the Ards

1573CSP Ire. 589

the Ardes

1573Cal. Carew MSS 438

the Ardes

1574Cal. Carew MSS 462

the Ardes

1574Cal. Carew MSS 465

Ardes

1590Dartmouth Map 6

Ards

1591Hondius Map

Arde

1599Boazio's Map (BM)

Ard Uladh

1600cTribes Ire. 60-1

go hAird Uladh

1600cLCABuidhe 114 l.87

Ardis

1601CSP Ire. 118

Ardes, the

1602CSP Ire. 506

the Ardes

1604CPR Jas I 39a

the Ardes

1605CPR Jas I 86b

Arde

1609Boazio's Map (NG)

Ardes

1610Mercator's/Hole's Ire.

Ardes

1610Speed's Ireland

(?) ardaibh, ar

1617cLCABuidhe 160 l.200

the Ardes

1623Ham. Copy Inq. [1623] xlvi

(?)nArda, Fionnchadhán

1630cMart. Don. Feb 23 p56

i nAird Ulad

1630cMart. Don. June 24 p178

i nAird Uladh, Iomchaidh, Chille droichit

1630cMart. Don. Sep 25 p258

i nAird Uladh

1630cMart. Don. May 29 p140

de Ardia

1644Inq. Ult. (Down) §104 Car. I

ó Ard Uladh

1680cLCABuidhe 247 l.122

ye Ardes

1689Descr. Ards 34

la peninsula d'Ardes

1690Sav. Ards 126

Ard Uladh, Ó mhullach

1760cMac Cumhaigh (b) 21:124

Aird Ua nEchach ""peninsula of the Uí Echach (tribe)"

1999Dict. Ulst. PN 7

Aird Uladh "peninsula of the Ulstermen"

1999Dict. Ulst. PN 7
The Ardes1610Speed's Ulster
Barony
Ards Upper
Parish
None
Parish in 1851
None
Townland
None
Place name ID
17118
Place name type
M:D