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Ardquin, County Down

Origin

perhaps Ir. Ard Choinn ‘Conn’s height’

Background

Ardquin is the name of this townland and also of the parish in which it is situated. O’Donovan (OSNB), Reeves (EA 21-2, n. p), Ewart (1866: 38), Knox (Knox Hist 465) and Joyce (iii 47) all opt for Ard Chuinn ‘Con’s height/hill’, a meaning certainly supported by the modern form Ardquin although some of the early forms pose problems for such an interpretation.  Indeed the early spellings of this name can be difficult to distinguish from Ardkeen. Harris (Harris Hist. 47) suggested: ‘Ardquin, the name of this place, is a corrupted Word from Ard-Cuan, signifying a Heighth over the Lough of Strangford, formerly called Lough-Cuan, and the situation of the place corresponds herewith’. O’Laverty suggests a connection between Ardquin and St Cú Mhaighe (Saint Cooey), a form which would presumably have resembled Ard Con (from Ard Con Maighe), but again the early recorded spellings pose difficulty for this imaginative suggestion.

References

Hughes, A. J. (1992): Place-Names of Northern Ireland vol. 2 p. 27

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Arecum, In Ard1203cGrant Ralph Bp. Down 165/6
Archiwhyn1225EA 22n
Ardwhum1227cCartae Dun. 422 $10
Arwhum1235cEA 164
Arwhum1235cCartae Dun. 422 $10
Ardwyn1305Compotus Dun. 168
Ecclesia de Ardquienne1306cEccles. Tax.
Ardkenan1333Eccles. Tax. 65
Arweghun1333Inq. Earldom Ulster iv 142
Ardgune1450cRot. Ant. Ecc. Dun. 171

Airrwgh whin

1580cSE Ulster Map

Arraugh whin

1595Mercator's Ire.
Arrawghwhin1595Mercator's Ulst.

Ardquinn

1603Bartlett Maps (Esch. Co. Maps) 1
Ardwhin1605Inq. Ult. (Down) $1 Jac.I (title

Mo[nastery] Argum

1610Speed's Antrim & Down

Argum

1610cNorden's Map
Archewen1615Terrier (Reeves) 59
Ardquin1615Terrier (O'Laverty) 319
Arechewen1615Terrier (O'Laverty) 328
Maneriae, villae, et terrae de Ardquin1616EA 174
Ardquin1616cEA 174
""Arquin""1622Ulster Visit. Reeves 5
(?)Archin1657Inq. Down (Reeves1) 129
(?)Ardwhyne1657Inq. Down (Reeves1) 133
Ardvin1657Hib. Reg.
Ardwhin1659Census 1659 91
Ardquin1661BSD
Ardwhins1663Sub. Roll Down 17
""Ardquin""1664Trien. Visit. (Margetson) 20
Arquin1683Descr. Ards 36
ye old Abby of Arquin1683Descr. Ards 35
Ardquin1810Wm. Map (OSNB) E.12
Ardquin1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) E.12

~Ard Cuinn 'Altitudo Quinti, Con's Height or Hill'

1834cJ O'D (OSNB) E.12

The ancient name Ardquinne signifies Con's height

1866Ewart, L.M. 1886 1866: 38

Ardquin - the height of St. Cowey

1878O'Laverty i 402

~Ard-Chuinn [-cuin], "Conn's height"

1913Joyce iii 47
Barony
Ards Upper
Parish
Ardquin
Parish in 1851
Ardquin
Townland
None
Place name ID
17289
Place name type
T