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Ballynichol, County Down

Origin

Ir. Baile Niocail ‘Nichol’s townland’; earlier Eng. Nichol(s)toun

Background

The 14th-century spellings clearly show that Anglo-Norman Nichol(s)toun was the earlier form of this place-name with a subsequent gaelicization as Baile Niocail.  Reaney (1958, 229-30) gives an indication of how popular the name Nicholas was in Anglo-Norman England.  In Ireland we may cite mention of a John Fitz-Nicholas of Slane (Cal. Canc. Hib.  vol. i p. 28, 1320 AD, cited in EA 23, n. r).  The Latin personal name Nicolaus was a borrowing from Greek signifying ‘victory people’ but, as Reaney states, the vernacular form was NicolNicol is the form we are dealing with in the townland name in this parish and in the townland of Ballynichol (parish of Comber, Co. Down).

References

Hughes A. J. (1992): Place-Names of Northern Ireland vol. 2 p. 59

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Nicholstown1333Inq. Earl Ulster (EA) 361
Nicholtown1333Inq. Earldom Ulster xliv 64
Ballynyckoll1571Fiants Eliz. $2090
Ballynyckoll1571Fiants Eliz. $2090
Ballynicholl1588Fiants Eliz. $5264
Ballinvcholl1605Inq. Ult. (Down) $2 Jac.I
Ballvnckoll1605Inq. Ult. (Down) $2 Jac.I
Ballenicoll al. Tullecarnan al. Loughduffe1623Ham. Copy Inq. [1623] xliv
Ballynicholas al. Tullycaman1623Ham. Copy Inq. [1623] xxxv
Ballincoll1624Inq. Ult. (Down) $14 Jac.I
Nicholston1624Inq. Ult. (Down) $14 Jac.I
Ballynikoll1627Inq. Ult. (Down) $10 Car.I
Ballynycoll1628Sav. Ulst. 368
Ballicott otherwise Ballynicott1637cSav. Ulst. 373
Ballynicoll1659Census 1659 92
Ballynicoll1661BSD
~Baile Niocóil ""Nicholas''s Town""1834cJ O'D (OSNB) E.93
Barony
Ards Upper
Parish
Ballytrustan
Parish in 1851
Ballytrustan
Townland
None
Place name ID
17307
Place name type
T