Carneyhough, County Down
of uncertain origin
O’Donovan suggested that this name comes from an Irish form Carn Uí hEoch or Cárn Ui h-Eochadha but a number of serious objections may be raised against such an etymology, not least the fact that the earliest forms may indicate that the final element originally ended in an r-sound. Moreover, the genitive form of Ó hEochadha would loose its h-prefix, so that we would expect an Irish form Carn Uí Eochadha which might be anglicized Carnough or the like. The development of an original final r into a velar fricative -ch- is remarkable and cannot be explained in terms of the historical development of either English or Irish. The forms with r might, therefore, best be explained as the result of a scribal error. The documents in which they occur are all of the same type (grants and inquisitions) and it is possible that the corrupted form of the name was subsequently copied from one to another (cf. Cloghanramer).
Given that the early forms show -o- in the first syllable more frequently than -a-, e.g. Cornehooghe in 1575 (Bagenal Rental 127), and that the modern spelling Carneyhough only becomes established after the first Ordnance Survey c. 1834, it is possible that the first element is not Ir. carn. Indeed, although the vast majority of townlands in the parish of Newry are from Irish, especially those documented early, the language of origin remains uncertain in this case.
ReferencesToner, G. (1992): Place-Names of Northern Ireland vol. I p. 12; with additions PT, 2012.
Historical name form
|Old Form||Ref. Date||Reference|
Cárn Ui h-Eochadha ''O''Haughey[''s] Carn''
|1834c||OSL 1909 edn 47|
Carn ui h-Eoch ''O''Haughey''s carn''
|1834c||J O'D (OSNB) 97|
|Cornehoure||1549||Inq. (Mon. Hib.) 287|
|Cornehowre (x2)||1552||CPR Ed. VI iv 388|
|Cornehooghe||1575||Bagenal Rental 127|
|Cloghcornehore||1606||CPR Jas I 86a|
|Carnahore||1607||CPR Jas I 495a|
|Carnehore||1607||CPR Jas I 102b|
|Cornehowre||1625c||Inq. Ult. (Down) $15 Car.I|
|Conehogh||1638||Inq. Ult. (Down) $84 Car. I|
|Cornehough||1659c||Census 1659 82|
|Carrickhugh||1663||Sub. Roll Down 280|
|Cornihogh||1810||Wm. Map (OSNB) 97|
|Cornyhogh||1830c||Bnd. Sur. (OSNB) 97|
|Carnyhough||1834c||J O'D (OSNB) 97|
|[Cor-ny-''haugh]||1834c||OSNB: gen. sources 97|
|""of uncertain origin""||2002||Culture NI PNN PMcK/JP|
- Newry, Lordship of
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type