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Tullymacarath, County Down


Ir. Tulaigh Mhic an Reachtaí ‘McEnratty’s hillock’


Tullymacarath was part of the Magennis district of Lequirin and contains the village of Gowdystown on its eastern border.  The name is apparently from tulach ‘hillock’ plus a surname formed with mac.  The final th of the modern spelling is attested neither in the historical spellings nor in modern speech, which all have -t, followed in the 17th-century forms by a vowel.  In the 1950s, according to Mooney, it was ‘pronounced and spelled locally Tullymacarette, with the stress on the first syllable, but older people call it Tullymaca-rat, with the stress on the last’ (Mooney MS 117-8).  Both pronunciations are still known locally.  The first might suggest the surname was Mac Anrachtaigh, possibly related to Ó hAnrachtaigh anglicized Hanratty, the surname of chiefs of Uí Meith Macha in Monaghan and common in Co. Armagh (Woulfe 1923, 555).  The pronunciation with final stress, still thought to be older locally, and early spellings ending in -vickenratty suggest the surname Mac an Reachtaí ‘son of the law-giver’, attested in Co. Down in a 1617 pardon as McEnrattie (CPR Jas I 320b).  The same surname is found in the names of the townlands of Ballymacinratty More and Ballymacinratty Beg in Donaghmore parish (PNI i 93-5). 


Muhr, K (1996): Place-Names of Northern Ireland vol. 6 p. 143

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference

Tulaigh Mic Rait "MacRat" ref McIlratty

1834cJ O'D (OSNB) E125

Tulach Mhic Ratha / Mhic an Reachtaigh

1950cMooney 1950c 117

Tulaigh Mhic an Reachtaí

1992PNI 143
Ballylirstrillyvickenratty Leighquirin1609CPR Jas I 395a
Hullymackenrattie Leighquirin1609CPR Jas I 395a
Ballilistullyvickenratty al. Ballyhullymackenratti1611CPR Jas I 190b
Ballilistolly, Holiemichen-Ratty al.1614CPR Jas I 266a
al. Ballimuckenrattie or Ballitollyholymickenratty1614CPR Jas I 266a
Ballylissetullyvicenraty al. Ballyhullymacenratty1629Inq. Ult. (Down) $13 Car. I
Ballyvickenratty1629Inq. Ult. (Down) $13 Car. I
Balleleskullyvickenratty al. Balhullvickenratty1639Inq. Ult. (Down) $85 Car. I
Ballymacinratty1639Inq. Ult. (Down) $85 Car. I
Tullimuke and Raty1657cHib. Reg. Lr. Iveagh
Tolle McAnratty1659cCensus 1659 78
Tullimisk & Ratty1661BSD 71
Tullimick Ratty1672cHib. Del. Down
Tullymacrat1810Wm. Map (OSNB) E125
Tullymackeratt1813Ir. Wills Index 50
Tullymackeratt1821Ir. Wills Index 50
Tullymacarat1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) E125
Tullymacaret1834OSM xii 73a
Tully-mac-a-''rath1834cOSNB Pron. E125
Tullymacarath1837OSM xii 77b
[Tullymaca-rat] stress on the last1950cMooney 1950c 117-8
Iveagh Lr., Lr. Half
Parish in 1851
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