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Knockbreda Parish (Castlereagh Upper portion), County Down


Originally two names.  Knock: Ir. Cnoc 'hill'; Breda: Ir. Bréadach 'broken land'


District is a suburb, 3.5km SSE of Belfast city centre

bar: Castlereagh Upper

Knock and Breda were separate parishes until they were amalgamated in 1658 to form the modern civil parish of Knockbreda.  Although the two contributing names were of Irish origin, the resulting combination was coined in English.  Both Knock (Ir. An Cnoc ‘the hill’) and Breda (Ir. Bréadach ‘broken land’) survive as separate place-names, the former as the name of a townland and district and the latter as the name of a townland 5km to the south-east. Most of the parish is in the barony of Castlereagh Upper, but a small portion in the north-east is in Castlereagh Lower.


McKay, P. (1999): A Dictionary of Ulster Place-Names, p. 92; with additions PT, 2012.

Additional Information

Other portion in Castlereagh Lower; see the townlands of Knock and Breda for details of those names

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference

Cnoc Breadach ""hill of the breach""

1834cJ O'D (OSNB) E 124

An Cnoc ""the hill"" + Bréadach ""broken land""

1999Dict. Ulst. PN 92
Gallouchie [Muhr, 2005]1595Mercator's Ulst.
Knockbreda1810Wm. Map (OSNB) E 124
Knockbreda1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) E 124
Knock + Breda1834cCarlisle Top. Dict. (OSNB) E 124
Castlereagh Upper
Parish in 1851
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