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Tyrella Parish, County Down


Ir. Tigh Riala ‘(Saint) Riail’s (monastic) house’


Hamlet is on the coast, 9km SW of Downpatrick

bar: Lecale Upper

Tyrella (Ir. Tigh Riala) is apparently named after a church or monastic foundation dedicated to a saint named Riail, whose feast-day is celebrated on 17th September (EA 32).  No trace of this establishment remains today.  That Tyrella South is the townland from which the parish is named is supported by reports which place the ancient church there (OSNB E48), and indeed the modern Saint John’s Church of Ireland parish church occupies the same site, the original church having been dismantled c.1800 to provide building material for Tyrella House.


PMcK, 2009; with additions PT, 2012.

Additional Information

See the townlands of Tyrella North and Tyrella South for historical forms of this name

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
~Riaghuil (ó Tigh Riaghla il-Leith Cathail)1170cMart. Gorm. Sep 17 p178n
Stegriel1203cGrant Ralph Bp. Down 165
Staghreell{{a}}, Ecclesia de1306cEccles. Tax. 32
Stegrel13thcEA 33n PR Ed. III
Techrula, Ecclesia de1615Terrier (Reeves) 39
Teeriela, Ecclesia de1615Terrier (O'Laverty) 323
Teighriola, Ecclesia de1622Ulster Visit. Reeves 41
~Riaghail o Thig Riaghla i lLeth Cathail1630cMart. Don. Sep 17 p250
~Thigh Riaghla, Riaghail o1630cMart. Don. Sep 17 p250
Tureallagh1657Inq. Down (Reeves1) 111
Terrela1657cHib. Reg.
Torrela1657cHib. Reg. Lecale
Rathmullen and Tireleagh (parishes)1659cCensus 1659 70
Toreleagh (parish)1659cCensus 1659 71
Terrela1672cHib. Del. Down
Terela1739Sloane Map
Terela1744Harris Hist.
Terela1767Map of Down (OSNB) E48
Tereela1777Taylor & Skinner 8
Terala1802Stat. Sur. Dn (Dub.) 206,208
Tyrella1810Wm. Map (OSNB) E48
Tyrella1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) E48
Toigh Riaghla ""Riagail''s House"" (after St. Regulus1834cJ O'D (OSNB) E48
Túr Elidhe (deleted)1834cOSNB Inf. E48
United parishes of Down and Tyrella1836OSM xvii 51
~Teach Riaghla1980cDF
Tyrela parish1990OSM xvii 44
~Tigh Riala ""(St) Riail''s (monastic) house""1999Dict. Ulst. PN 143
Lecale Upper
Parish in 1851
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