Ballycultra, County Down
Ir. Baile Chúl Trá ‘townland of the back of the strand’
The townland of Ballycultra stretches inland from the coast into the Craigantlet Hills. It was a church townland attached to the church of Holywood. In the late 17th century the name was occasionally abbreviated to Cultra (BSD, 1661) but although this version of the name is now better known, the full name Ballycultra remains the official name of the townland. From 1604 until 1662 many of the references spelled the name Ballacultrack etc., preserving the original final consonant of the Irish word trágh ‘strand’, now lost in modern pronunciation and spelling.
The Ulster Folk and Transport Museum and Marino Station (NI Railways) are located in Ballycultra.
ReferencesK. Muhr, 2009; with additions PT, 2012.
spelt Ballycultraw in 1851 Census Index
Historical name form
|Old Form||Ref. Date||Reference|
Baile Cúl Tráighe "town at the back of the strand"
|1834c||J O'D (OSNB) No. 29|
Baile-cultragha ""town at the back of the...strand"
|1913||Joyce iii 79|
Baile Chúl Trá ""townland of the back of the strand"
|1999||Dict. Ulst. PN 52|
|Ballacktragath orse Ballacultrack||1604||CPR Jas I 39a|
|Ballactragothe or Balacaltrack||1606||CPR Jas I 72b|
|Ballicultrack al Ballicultra al Ballactragah||1620||Ham. Patent  xx|
|Balle-Cultrack alias||1623||Ham. Copy Inq.  xxxiii|
|Ballecultrack al Ballecultra al Ballacktraghagh||1623||Ham. Copy Inq.  xlv|
|alias Ballycultragh alias Ballactragothe||1623||Ham. Copy Inq.  xxxiii|
|Ballecultra||1627||CPR Chas I 228|
|Ballecultrack or Ballecultra alias||1645||Inq. Ult. (Down) $104 Car. I|
|alias Balleaghtraghagh||1645||Inq. Ult. (Down) $104 Car. I|
|Ballycultrack al Ballycultra al Ballycultraghagh||1662||Inq. Ult. (Down) $23 Car. II|
|Cultra||1663||Sub. Roll Down 284|
|Ballycultra||1830c||Bnd. Sur. (OSNB) No. 29|
- Castlereagh Lower
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type