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Brannock, County Armagh


Of uncertain origin


The original form assigned to John O’Donovan for this name is Bran-chnoc. This type of nominal qualification is uncommon in Modern Irish. In terms of place-names Dónall Mac Giolla Easpaig dates the beginning of the demise of compounds of this type to about 400 AD (Toner 1999, 5), from which time they were gradually replaced by the Noun + genitive (Ráth Droma ‘fort of (the) ridge’, Rathdrum in Co. Cork) and by what is now the much more numerous type Noun + article + genitive (Léim an Mhadaidh ‘the dog’s leap’, Limavady in Co. Derry). Although possible, there is no concrete evidence that this name is as old as would be required to adopt this word-order.

It is possible that the -ock ending is a typical devoiced anglicisation of the derivational suffix -óg (such as the common anglicisation of carrick from carraig ‘rock’). This suffix forms substantives (see also Cloghoge in this parish for óg forming a diminutive), such as in Dairbheog ‘oak-plantation’ from dair ‘oak’ (Dervock, Co. Antrim).

Following the form assigned to John O’Donovan, an original form might beBranóg ‘place of ravens’, or, under its figurative interpretation ‘place of chiefs’ (Dinneen). Another possible root onto which óg might be inflected is the adjective bréan ‘fetid, rotten’ (Dinneen). A form such as bréanóg ‘fetid, rotten place’ might be expected to anglicise as Brannock.


Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Brennoge1609Esch. Co. Map
Brewnoge1611CPR Jas I 184b
Brenagh1616Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $5 Jas.I
Brewnoge othw. Brenock manor of1619CPR Jas I 412a
Brenocke1623Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $8 Jas.I
Brenocke1623Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $10 Jas.I
Drenocke1623Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $10 Jas.I
Brennock1657Inq. Ult. (Armagh) 229
(?)Brusagh1659Census 1659 30
Brennoge1661BSD 8
Brenock1664HMR Arm. Index 420
Brenock1664HMR Murray (1941) 122
Brannock1830cPrentis' MS (OSNB) no.115
Brannock1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) no.115
Bran-ock1834cOSNB Pron. no.115
Brannagh1834cEvans's Return (OSNB) no.115
Brannock1834cLand agent (OSNB) no.115
Brannock1834cEvans's Return (OSNB) no.115
~Bran-chnoc ""Raven''s hill""1834cJ O'D (OSNB) no.115
Orior Lower
Parish in 1851
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Place name type