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Federnagh, County Armagh



perhaps Ir. Eadarnaidh ‘middle place/place between’


The initial f- in this place name appears to be a late innovation, first appearing in 1830 which suggests that it might in fact be erroneous and not representative of the original name.

The early forms Nederny (1609, 1611, 1613), Netternagh (1661) and Neddernagh (1623) appear to indicate the plural definite article na.  The root noun in these early forms, is similar to dearna ‘palm (of hand)’ which may well appear figuratively in reference to some topological feature in a name such as Na Dearnaigh ‘the palms.

Alternatively the initial n- observed in the early historical forms might be a scribal error. In this case, the correct forms are structurally similar to the element eadarnaidh ‘middle place/place between’, which is the origin of Ederney in Co. Fermanagh (McKay 2007, 66).  The reason behind a designation such as ‘middle place’ is not readily apparent and further research would be required to confirm this form as the original name.


Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Nederny1609Esch. Co. Map
Nederny1611CPR Jas I 189a
Nederny1613CPR Jas I 232b
Nederney otherwise Nedernagh1619CPR Jas I 412a
Edervagh1623Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $8 Jas.I
Neddernagh1623Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $10 Jas.I
Edernagh1641Wars Co. Down xi 61
Edernah1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 229
Edernagh1659Census 1659 30
Netternagh1661BSD 8
Edernagh1664HMR Arm. Index 420
Edernagh1664HMR Murray (1941) 122
(?)Ferhornought1760Rocque's Map (Coote)
Feathernagh1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) no.115
Ferdernagh1830cPrentis' MS (OSNB) no.115
Feada-erinach ""the Irishman''s wood""1834cBallymore inf. no.115
Federna1834cLand agent (OSNB) no.115
Federnagh1834cSamuel Bryson (OSNB) no.115
Federnagh1834cLand agent (OSNB) no.115
Feth-her-ner1834cOSNB Pron. no.115
Pedderna1834cEvans's Return (OSNB) no.115
~Feidearnach ""abounding in rills or brooks""1834cJ O'D (OSNB) no.115
An Fheadarnach ""the middle place""2003NIPNP replies PMcK/PNíU
Orior Lower
Parish in 1851
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