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Canoneill, County Armagh


Ir. Ceann an Aoil ‘hill of the lime’


Canoneill certainly refers to a headland or hill, and we are told that ‘The highest ground is 130 feet’ (OSM I 40).  The low hills of Canoneill and the two Canagolas on the western boundary of Drumcree look out over the valley of the stream that reaches Lough Neagh near Milltown. The name could be Ceann Uí Néill ‘headland or hill of O’Neill’ but it would have to derive from an incident there, as there is no record of a landlord or tenant of the name. The alternative Ceann an Aoil ‘hill of the lime’ fits better linguistically with the historical references, which regularly spell the middle syllable with –a-: Kananeale, Cananeale. Lime is mentioned as the chief manure in the parish generally, but in 1835 it was imported into Aghanergill in the west of the parish from Annahugh townland south-west in Kilmore (OSM I 37). Canoneill is only two townlands further north.


Kay Muhr

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Kannantale1609Esch. Co. Map 5.29
Kananeale 1 + 3rd bal (Broughes)1610CPR Jas I 165a
Cananeale1629Inq. Ult. (Armagh) 5 Car I
Kananeale 1 b''bo (Brochus)1629Inq. Ult. (Armagh) 5 Car I
Cannaneale (Brownlow est)1633Pat. Car. I (OSNB) E9
Cananeale1633?OSNB: gen. sources E9
Camunell1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 231
Reanell1661BSD 48
Kinnaneill1664HMR Orior 190
Canonease1718Reg. Deeds abstracts I.170
Canoneal (Richmond)1739Reg. Deeds abstracts I 626
Cana-neale1835OSNB Pron. E9
Cananail1835Cess Book (OSNB) E9
Cananeal1835Ret. Tds Armstrong's Sur. (OSNB) E9
Canonail1835Bnd. Sur. (OSNB) E9
~Ceann Ui Neill ""head/hill of O''Neill""1835J O'D (OSNB) E9
Oneilland West
Parish in 1851
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