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Ballygasey, County Armagh


Ir. Baile Uí gCathasaigh ‘townland of the O’Caseys’


The element baile (anglicised bally-) became common in place-names from the 12th century and are typically qualified by family names or personal names in forms such as Baile Mhic Fhinn'MacFinn's townland' in Co. Antrim, where the qualifier is a family name. These forms later appeared as anglicised forms such as Ballyagherty and Ballymacfin. In the current name, the qualifying element is probably that which appears in the form assigned to John O’Donovan, Ó Cathasaigh. The original form could be Baile Uí Chathasaigh, although the voiced consonant [g] across the forms indicates that the qualifier is probably plural, undergoing eclipsis and appearing as Baile Uí gCathasaigh ‘townland of the O’Caseys’, and anglicised as Ballygasey following the loss of the genitive form of the surname particle Ó (), by being merged with the final vowel of baile.



Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Balliogassie1609Esch. Co. Map 5.28
Balliogasie, 1 balliboe1611CPR Jas I 167a
Ballyogasie, next to1611CPR Jas I 167a
Ballyogasey 1 balliboe1639Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $30 Car.I
Ballygassey1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 230
Ballygassy & Tullyardallis1659cCensus 1659 38
Ballygassey1661BSD 56
Tollyarde1661BSD 56
Ballyogussy1664HMR Murray (1941) 197
Ballygassey1751Reg. Deeds abstracts ii $103
Ballygassee (Church)1760Rocque's Map
Ballygassee1830cMap Armagh (OSNB) A154 2
Ballygausey1830cGrand Jury Warrant (OSNB) A154 2
Ballygawsey1834cOSL 9680
Bally-gawsey1835OSNB A154 2
Ballygassy1835Bnd. Sur. (OSNB) A154 2
Ballygawsey1835Land agent (OSNB) A154 2
~Baile ua gcathasaigh ""town of the O''Caseys""1835J O'D (OSNB) A154 2
Oneilland West
Parish in 1851
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