Placenamesni.orgthe history behind our place-names

Causanagh, County Armagh


perhaps Ir. Baile Cois Eanaigh ‘townland by the marsh’


The element cosán (var. casán) ‘path’ can also be interpreted as ‘footway, track’. When combined with the attributive suffix -ach as cosánach and qualifying the common element baile as is indicated in the early historical forms, this element might appear in a name such as Baile Cosánach ‘townland abounding in tracks’. (Note that there are two townlands named An Chasánach anglicised Crossanagh in Cos Tipperary and Cussana in Kilkenny (, the interpretations of which are unclear). Similarly, the element cuas ‘hollow, cove, creek’ might appear in a name such as Baile Cuasanach ‘townland abounding in hollows’. Without further evidence it is impossible to tell which of these two are more likely.

An alternative original form might be Baile Cois Eanaigh ‘townland by the marsh’ which might be supported by the indication that the western part of the townland is liable to floods (OSNI).



Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Ballmecawsany1609Esch. Co. Map 5.28
Balme-Cousame 1 balliboe1611CPR Jas I 167a
(?)Mullanhensheane & Roserrer, p''cell'' de Ballynec1639Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $34 Car. I
Ballynecausane al. Ballycawsany, le balliboe vocat1639Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $34 Car. I
Causonah1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 230
Cossana1659cCensus 1659 38
Cossan1661BSD 56
Rusanagh1664HMR Murray (1941) 198
(?):existen'' p''cell'' de Ballynecawsane1666cInq. Ult. (Armagh) $23 Car. II
(?)hamlet'' de Mullanhenshane & Rossemer :1666cInq. Ult. (Armagh) $23 Car. II
Ballynecawsane, p''cell'' de1666cInq. Ult. (Armagh) $23 Car. II
Causenagh1835Land agent (OSNB) A154 46
Cushannagh1835Bnd. Sur. (OSNB) A154 46
~Cois-eanach ""foot-marsh""1835J O'D (OSNB) A154 46
Caus[h]nagh1888Bassett's Arm. 186/7
Oneilland West
Parish in 1851
Place name ID
Place name type