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Lisneany, County Armagh


perhaps Ir. Lios an Aonaigh ‘fort of the fair’


The initial element is this place-name is the common element lios ‘fort’, which typically refers to a ring-fort. Muhr agrees with the form assigned to John O’Donovan Lios an Aonaigh ‘Fort of the fair (or market)’, and proposes that this townland (with various subdivisions) probably was the local king's assembly ground, to go with fort, church and crannog (NIPNP notes, 2008). The element aonach ‘fair, place of assembly’ is well attested in Irish place-names, the best-known example being the name of the town of Nenagh in Tipperary (An tAonach GÉ 6).

We should also consider the element eanach ‘bog’ in the form Lios an Eanaigh ‘fort of the bog’ as also suggested by Ó Máinnín, (NIPNP notes, 1997), and the element éanach, a collective word for ‘birds’ which might appear in the form Lios an Éanaigh ‘fort of the birds’. Without additional corroborating evidence, and we should assume that Muhr’s proposal Lios an Aonaigh ‘fort of the fair’ is the most likely original form. 



Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Linonany1609Esch. Co. Map 5.28
Lisnemany, the moiety of the balliboe of1611CPR Jas I 167a
Lissnenany, half the balliboe of1611CPR Jas I 167a
(?)Aghenskehanleggane & Tataclenan, p''cell'' de Lis1639Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $34 Car. I
Lisnenany al. Lisneny, le balliboe vocat''1639Inq. Ult. (Armagh) $34 Car. I
Lyseneny1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 230
Lisneny1659cCensus 1659 38
Lyssenaney1661BSD 56
Lysenneny1664HMR Murray (1941) 197
Lissnenany al. Lissneny, 1 balliboe sive vil'' ter''1666cInq. Ult. (Armagh) $23 Car. II
Lisneany1835Land agent (OSNB) A154 16
Lissnaheany1835Bnd. Sur. (OSNB) A154 16
~Lios an aonaigh ""Fort of the fair (or market)""1835J O'D (OSNB) A154 16
Oneilland West
Parish in 1851
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