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Knocknashane, County Armagh


Ir. Cnoc na Seangán ‘hill of the ants’


Early spellings like Knocknasogan in 1609 make it clear that Knocknashane derives from Cnoc na Seangán ‘hill of the ants’.  The Ordnance Survey Name Book OSNB commented that, at 221 feet, Knocknashane hill in the south was the highest hill in Shankill parish.  Later spellings show that the internal –ng-, often spelled as g, was vocalised, as occurs regularly in Ulster Irish (D. Ó Baoill 2001, 107,109). 

The shortened spelling Knockneshane occurs earliest in 1657, and in 1661 the two are presented as aliases: Knockneseggan al. Knockneshan, one ballybo.  Irishmen Owen O’Sharkan and Cuchonat McManus were listed as liable to pay hearth money in 1664, and Stowell, Collow Ginniff and Murtagh Quin were among the Brownlow tenants.  Before the Plantation the McManus family had held the district of Kilmore in the north of the parish.  In 1667 Knocknashane townland contained divisions called Gill’s Park, held by Alex. Gill, and Tucker’s Park.


Kay Muhr

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Knocknasogan1609Esch. Co. Map 5.29
Knockneseggan 1 bal (Doughcoron)1610CPR Jas I 165a
Knockneseggane or Knockneshan (Brownlow est)1629Pat. Car. I (OSNB) A17
td Knockneshane1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 236
Knockneseggan al. Knockneshan 1 b''bo1661Inq. Ult. (Armagh) 7 Car II
Knockneshane1661BSD 52
Knockneshane1664HMR Arm. (PRONI) 34
Knockneshane1667Brownlow LB 23,89,117,130-2
moyety old turf plott in Knockneshan(c)e1667Brownlow LB 37
pt Knockneshane & rood Gills Park1667Brownlow LB 22
pt Knockneshane = Tuckers Park1667Brownlow LB 22
Knocknashane1739Reg. Deeds abstracts I 626
Knocknashean1760Rocque's Map
Knocknashean1760Mooney 1950c 319
Knocknashane1835Bnd. Sur. (OSNB) A17
Knockneshane1835Proprietor (OSNB) A17
~Cnoc na seangan ""hill of the pismires""1835J O'D (OSNB) A17
Knocknashane 221 feet1837OSM vol. 1 p. 111
~Cnoc na Sioga/n (seanga/n) / pismires1950cMooney 1950c 319
Cnoc na Seangán "" hill of the ants""1999Cel. Ulst. Tds 16
Oneilland East
Parish in 1851
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