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Armagh, County Armagh

Origin

Ir. Ard Mhacha [ard wagha] ‘height of Macha’.

Background

City is 22.5km NE of Monaghan town

Macha,which signifies ‘pasture’, was formerly the name of the district and and originally the name of a land-goddess who represents sovereignty in the myths of the ancient Ulstermen where she figures prominently. The name of the district of Macha (sometimes known as Maigh Mhacha ‘plain of Macha’)is also found in Eamhain Mhacha or Navan Fort, the name of the ancient capital of Ulster [Ard Macha 444].

References

McKay, P. (2007): A Dictionary of Ulster Place-Names, p. 7

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
la hUibh Meith Macha, Conall m Daimhene do mharbha0605AFM i 230
(?)>et ordinavit Victoricum Machinensem episcopum0670cTírechán (Bieler) 162 $50
(?)relicta Machia venit in Maugdornu [tr. Maigen0670cTírechán (Bieler) 162 $50
de genere Machi0670cTírechán (Bieler) 150 $33
coepit ad Machi.. tellurem cupitam satis0680cMuirchú (Bieler) 116 $II4
in aeclessia Machae (Bp Benignus Ptk''s successor)0680cMuirchú (Bieler) 126 $5
quae sunt in Machi, partem de reliquís PPL&S0680cMuirchú (Bieler) 122 $II3
go Magh Macha. Ra ghabhsat longphort ann0860Fragment. Ann. 110 $279
tighearna Ua Meith Macha d''ég0893AFM i 550
Saig in Machai fothúaid, olintangel0900cTrip. Life (Stokes) 226
donMachai.. comagin hitá Ráith Dare indiu [Ptk&D0900cTrip. Life (Stokes) i 228
téit Patraic labreithir aRig/ iMachai mín anad0900cTrip. Life (Stokes) 226 verse
Dligid ríg Eamna acus Ulad... i Muig Macha1050cLebor na Cert 92 l.1348 (verse)
ó ríg Macha na mór-dál (Airgialla)1050cLebor na Cert l.1189 (verse)
(tarb)... ic ríg Macha1100cMet. Dinds. iii 368
Afraigid, rig Macha1100cTBC (Rec. I) l.3525
Comérgid, ríg Macha1100cTBC (Rec. I) l.3912
Comérgid, ríg Macha morglonnaich1100cTBC (Rec. I) l.3905
Cuscraid Mend Macha m. Conchobair1100cTBC (Rec. I) l.3624
Mag Macha1100cTE 148 $12
co Cúscraid Mend co Maich...1100cTBC (Rec. I) l.3487
conidh on Macha sin... Magh Macha 7 Eamain Macha1100cMet. Dinds. iv 310
di Intidiu Emna .i. den maiche na hEmna1100cComp. CC T.Em $17
i n-iarthur Macha maige1100cMet. Dinds. iv 172
la Pátric Macha1100cMet. Dinds. iv 340
mál Macha1100cMet. Dinds. iii 268
co Machaire Aird Macha .i. co Cill na Conraire1103AU (Mac Airt) 540-1
co Machaire Arda Macha .i. co Cill na cCornaire1103AFM ii 974
(?)co Magh hUa Breasail1109AFM ii 988
Fergus... no luaided cairptiu ar Machi1125cCGH 158.14
ruiri Macha marchairptech... Conchobur (Laigin)1125cCGH 116c34
7 ra hur nOlarbi i mMag Macha1160cMesca Ulad l.255
Coméirget ríg Macha1160cTBC (LL) l.4659
Coméirget ríg Macha mórglonnaig1160cTBC (LL) l.4635
Muredach mál Macha/...1160cClann Ollaman $9
co Cuscraid Mend Macha mac Conchobuir co Macha...1160cTBC (LL) l.4085
co Macha, co Causcraid Mend Macha mac Conchobuir1160cTBC (LL) l.4085
Machaire Arda Macha1166Miscell. Ann. 49
la hUibh Meith Macha,ro marbhadh1178AFM iii 40?
co Machaire Aird Macha, CenelnE TelchaO/ac 7Errter1196AU ii 222
fioru Airthir co Machaire Árda Macha1196AFM iii 102
a Machaire na hEmna 7 tar A/th na Foraire ar Sl Fd13thcComp. CC OCC $46 116
a Machaire na hEmna 7 tar Áth na Foraire13thcComp. CC OCC $46
ar Mag na hEamna13thcComp. CC OCC $28 96
ar bél Átha na Foraire ar Mag na hEamna13thcComp. CC OCC $28
ar bél Átha na Foraire ar Mag na hEamna13thcComp. CC $28 OCC
ar Mhachaire Arda Macha, crecha..la gallaibh na Mi1424AFM iv 860
co Machaire Arda Macha (sluagh gall)1432AFM iv 890
go Machaire Arda Macha, sluagh mor leó1433AFM iv 894
lands of Mintir Choir, Mintir Aghy, Mintir Chassol1515Reg. Dowdall 226 $99
Ymulqueran & McCarthayn, bp''s mensals (O Mulqueran1544Reg. Dowdall 150 $64
Cén bhes Macha fo thoraibh1578cLCABuidhe 7 LÉ $4 verse
do ghabhsad longphort i nAonach Macha1578cLCABuidhe 10 LÉ $8
Lasaidh da snúadh Magh Macha [sluagh sidhe]1581cLCABuidhe 94 viii l.13
fa iath Fhionnmhacha1581cLCABuidhe 94 viii l.4
Barony of Ardmagh cont. precincts Toughaghy, Cossm1608Sur. Ulst. 215
Ardmagh [barony]1609Esch. Co. Map 5.28
Macha i míoshnuadh1630cLCABuidhe 174 xxiv l.68
mná Moighe hEamhna1630cLCABuidhe 208 xxxi l.5
>/fan Macha roghabhsad greim [verse]1650cGeneal. Tracts 77 A $117
Tuath Mochtaine for Mhaigh Macha>1650cGeneal. Tracts 77 A $117
The Barony of Ardmagh1655cCiv. Surv. x $$78,79
the sea of Ardmagh, lands of Ballymacorean of1655cCiv. Surv. x $78
Ardmagh, The Barony of1657cHib. Reg. Ardmagh
(Barrony of) Ardmagh1659cCensus 1659 25,27,40
Ardmagh Barrony1659cCensus 1659 25
dar dhual Macha1700cLCABuidhe 275 xlv l.94
Ard Mhacha (Tuath Eachaidh) ""height of Macha (trib2001Arm. Terr, People + Place-names 320
Magh Macha in Oirghialla (ro sleachtadh)2859AFM i 8 AW
Barony
Armagh
Parish
barony
Parish in 1851
barony
Townland
None
Place name ID
18172
Place name type
B