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Aghnahough, County Antrim

Origin

Ir. Achadh na hUamha ‘field of the cave’

Background

The first element of Aughnahough is either áth ‘a ford’ or achadh ‘a field’ (in a form reduced to the monosyllabic agh-). In the absence of any observable rivers or streams within the townland we will assume that achadh ‘field’ is more likely. In the form assigned to John O’Donovan, the second element is cloch ‘stone’.  However, there is no evidence in the historical forms for the voiced [g] consonant of this form which would not be expected to be lost in a medial position. The anglicisation of -ough from the element uaimh ‘cave’, ‘souterrain’ or ‘crypt’ can be seen Drumnahough (Droim na hUamha ‘ridge of the cave’) in Co, Donegal. The form here then might be Achadh na hUamha ‘field of the cave’.  The Ordnance Survey Memoirs report the existence of a number of forts within the townland (OSM 8, 94) which also support this form. There are also four townlands in Ireland that derive from Achadh na hUamha, but are anglicised as Aghnahoo in Cos Leitrim, Tyrone and Fermanagh (logainm.ie).

References

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Aghanehogh1625Inq. Ult. (Antrim) Car.I $1
Agnahough1780Lendrick Map
~Achadh na gCloch ""field of the stones""1832cJ O'D (OSNB) A25
Barony
Massereene Upper
Parish
Derryaghy
Parish in 1851
Derryaghy
Townland
None
Place name ID
18458
Place name type
T