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Largantogher, County Derry

Origin

Ir. Leargain Tóchair "hillslope of the causeway"

Background

The "hillslope" (leargain) from which Largantogher is named is probably that which leads up to the present town of Maghera.  On the element tóchar "causeway" see Carntogher in the parish of Killelagh.  Wooden causeways were often built close to monasteries (Lucas 1985, 46), and it might be suggested here that a causeway was constructed through the townland of Largantogher to connect the church at Maghera to that at Mullagh in the parish of Termoneeny immediately to the south.  A small stream separates the two churches, and a small causeway may have crossed wet ground at this point, but it is perhaps more likely that tóchar is used here in an extended sense of "path, roadway" (see Lucas 1985, 59).  It is perhaps significant that an early alias for Mullagh appears to contain the element droichead "bridge".

References

Toner (1996, 192)

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
laragantalis1609Esch. Co. Map 14
loraghgantagha1610Bishop. Der. i 57
Largagantaghy1615Bishop. Der. i 102
Largagantaghy1615CPR Jas I 279a
Loraghgantagha, balliboe of land of Magheria1634Bishop. Der. ii 335 $428
Largantagher1654Civ. Surv. iii 180
Lergantagher1654Civ. Surv. iii 178,193
Largantagher1659cCensus 1659 134
Lergantagher, Maghera &1661BSDc 52
Leamontaer1663HMR (Ò Doibhlin 2) 75
Largantogher1813Sampson's Map
Lar-gan-+togher1834cOSNB Pron. No. 11
Largantogher1834cCustom of Country (OSNB) No. 11
~Leargain tachair ""Tachar''s hill side""1834cJ O'D (OSNB) No. 11
~""hillside of the causeway (tóchar)""1913Joyce iii 462
~Leargan-tochair ""The hill side of the causeway""1925Munn's Notes 224
Leargain Tóchair ""hillslope of the causeway""2002Culture NI PNN PMcK/JP
Barony
Loughinsholin
Parish
Maghera
Parish in 1851
Maghera
Townland
None
Place name ID
19255
Place name type
T