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Cooltrane, County Fermanagh

Origin

Ir. Cúil Traonach “corner or angle of corncrakes”

Background

The townland of Cooltrane lies in the north of the parish, on the southern boundary of Colebrooke Demesne.

In Coltram (1659c) the final –m is clearly a mistake for –n while the second –c- of Coolcrena (1672c) is a mistranscription of –t-Cooletrenagh (1657c), Coolcrena (1672c) and Cooletrenagh (1680) indicate that the final element was originally disyllabic and the most satisfactory interpretation of the place-name is Cúil Traonach “corner or angle of corncrakes”.  The corncrake, sometimes known as the landrail, was once very common in rural Ireland, although in recent times it has become rare due to modern agricultural practices.  According to Joyce, the name of this bird also forms the final element of Cloonatreane, a townland  in the south Fermanagh parish of Killesher which he interprets as Cluain na dTraonach “meadow of the corncrakes” (Joyce i 487). 

References

(info. from McKay, P. (2004): Place-Names of Northern Ireland vol. 8 p. 50)

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Cooletrenagh1657cGJM M'stephana (OSNB) B108
Coltram1659cCensus 1659 108
Cooltrenagh1661BSDc
Coolcrena (E of r. = Colebrooke, M~S~)1672cHib. Del. Fermanagh
Cooletrenagh1680BSD (Ó Maolagáin) 529
Cooltrane1751Reg. Free. Fer. 2
Coltrain Church1777Taylor & Skinner 257a
Coltrain1817GJM M'stephana (OSNB) B108
Coltrain1821Arrowsmith's Map (OSNB) B108
Cooltrane1824HC Sur.& Val.(OSNB) B108
Cooltrain1826HC Ed. Rept (OSNB) B108
Cooltrain1830cBnd. Sur. (OSNB) B108
~Cul Traenac ""Back of the corncrakes""1834cDonnell Maguire (OSNB) B108
Cooltrane1862Griffith's Val.
Barony
Magherastephana
Parish
Aghalurcher
Parish in 1851
Aghalurcher
Townland
None
Place name ID
19410
Place name type
T