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Edentiloan, County Tyrone


perhaps Ir. Éadan Tí Luain/ Lugháin ‘brow of the house of the hill/of Lughán’ or Ir. Éadan Tí Uí Ruain ‘brow of Ó’Ruáin’s house’


The element éadan literally means ‘brow’ or ‘end facing out’ and is reasonably common in place-names, especially in the northern part of the country (Flanagan & Flanagan 1994, 80).

The second component appears to be tigh or (forms of teach ‘house’), which, in place-names often appears in reference to a saint’s house (i.e. a church), although there appears to have been no sites of any ecclesiastical significance within the townland (OSNI).

The component appearing as -loan might derive from the Irish form Luan.  Irish ua(i)is often anglicized as [o:] (see also Artlone above) and the historical forms contain evidence of both vowel sounds. In a discussion of the place-name Malone in Belfast, Flanagan proposes the Irish form Maigh Lón(<Luan, suggests that the final element may be a figurative use of the word luan ’haunch/rump/buttock/hip’ in reference to a feature of the landscape, most likely a hill. However, the appearance of this element directly after what we understand to be tí, maybe a churchit is possible that -loan derives from a personal name, such as the name of a saint, such as Lughan/Lugan whose feast day is 16th August (Ó Corráin & Maguire 1981, 125).

We should also consider the earlier forms Edenteeroan (1609) and Edanteeroan (1614) which do not resemble any personal name which might refer the personal name Ruan (although there are no attested saints with this name). After tí, the surname form Ó Ruáin (anglicised Ruane, Roane or Rowan) should also be considered as the surname particle might easily be subsumed by the final vowel sound of .



Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Edenteeroan1609Esch. Co. Map 11 Dunganon pt
Edantelonan orse Edanteeroan1614CPR Jas I 272a
Edintilvan1655cCiv. Surv. iii 286
Edenteppolane1657CHib. Reg. Dungannon Lr,
Edentiluan1664HMR Tyr. (1) 6
Edencilvan1666HMR Tyr. (2) 235
Edentilane1666ASE 110
~Eadan Toighe Luain Hill/Brae of the House of Loan1833cJ O'D (OSNB) NB 128;D52
Edenteloane (x 2)1834cOSNB: gen. sources NB 128;D52
Edentylone (x 2, Prop. Goff Esq.)1834cOSNB: gen. sources NB 128;D52
~eadan toillin - Hill face of the small hole or ca1920cTNCT 44
~Eadan Toillin ""hill face of the small hole/cave""1936TNCT 44
Dungannon Lower
Parish in 1851
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