Edentiloan, County Tyrone
perhaps Ir. Éadan Tí Luain/ Lugháin ‘brow of the house of the hill/of Lughán’ or Ir. Éadan Tí Uí Ruain ‘brow of Ó’Ruáin’s house’
The element éadan literally means ‘brow’ or ‘end facing out’ and is reasonably common in place-names, especially in the northern part of the country (Flanagan & Flanagan 1994, 80).
The second component appears to be tigh or tí (forms of teach ‘house’), which, in place-names often appears in reference to a saint’s house (i.e. a church), although there appears to have been no sites of any ecclesiastical significance within the townland (OSNI).
The component appearing as -loan might derive from the Irish form Luan. Irish ua(i)is often anglicized as [o:] (see also Artlone above) and the historical forms contain evidence of both vowel sounds. In a discussion of the place-name Malone in Belfast, Flanagan proposes the Irish form Maigh Lón(<Luan, suggests that the final element may be a figurative use of the word luan ’haunch/rump/buttock/hip’ in reference to a feature of the landscape, most likely a hill. However, the appearance of this element directly after what we understand to be tí, maybe a churchit is possible that -loan derives from a personal name, such as the name of a saint, such as Lughan/Lugan whose feast day is 16th August (Ó Corráin & Maguire 1981, 125).
We should also consider the earlier forms Edenteeroan (1609) and Edanteeroan (1614) which do not resemble any personal name which might refer the personal name Ruan (although there are no attested saints with this name). After tí, the surname form Ó Ruáin (anglicised Ruane, Roane or Rowan) should also be considered as the surname particle Uí might easily be subsumed by the final vowel sound of tí.
Historical name form
|Old Form||Ref. Date||Reference|
|Edenteeroan||1609||Esch. Co. Map 11 Dunganon pt|
|Edantelonan orse Edanteeroan||1614||CPR Jas I 272a|
|Edintilvan||1655c||Civ. Surv. iii 286|
|Edenteppolane||1657C||Hib. Reg. Dungannon Lr,|
|Edentiluan||1664||HMR Tyr. (1) 6|
|Edencilvan||1666||HMR Tyr. (2) 235|
|~Eadan Toighe Luain Hill/Brae of the House of Loan||1833c||J O'D (OSNB) NB 128;D52|
|Edenteloane (x 2)||1834c||OSNB: gen. sources NB 128;D52|
|Edentylone (x 2, Prop. Goff Esq.)||1834c||OSNB: gen. sources NB 128;D52|
|~eadan toillin - Hill face of the small hole or ca||1920c||TNCT 44|
|~Eadan Toillin ""hill face of the small hole/cave""||1936||TNCT 44|
- Dungannon Lower
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type