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Mullaghnese, County Tyrone


perhaps Ir. Mullach Mosach ‘bristly summit’


The first element of this place-name is clearly mullagh ‘summit’ which is a common element in place-names. While the modern form of the name exhibits the ending -nese. this form first appears in the 1664 form Mullahneze which might represent a corruption of the name, or a different name altogether.

The final element of the original form might derive from maoiseog ‘heap’ (Ó Dónaill) in the form Mullach Maoiseoige ‘hillock of the heap’, however, we wouldn’t expect the voiced [g] ending to be lost in this form, which appears to be absent from these early forms. The adjective mosach ‘shaggy, rough, bristly’ is more accurately representative of the earliest forms Mollamosaigh (1609) and Mullamosagh (1614) and might refer to the quality of the ground. Positing an adjective in second position also explains the absence of any trace of the definite article, which we might expect if this second element were a qualifying noun in the genitive. Therefore the form Mullach Mosach ‘bristly summit’ is the most satisfactory explanation of this name. There is a townland named Mullaghmossagh in Co. Antrim for which the same original form has been proposed.



Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Mollamoisagh1609Esch. Co. Map 11 Dunganon pt
Mullamosagh orse Mullamoise1614CPR Jas I 272a
Mulloghmose1655cCiv. Surv. iii 286
Mullan=castle1657CHib. Reg. Dungannon Lr,
Mullaghneze1664HMR Tyr. (1) 6
Mullaghneese1666HMR Tyr. (2) 236
Mullinash or Mulliness al Mulloghnish als Mullynac1666ASE 175
~Mullach Nís - Nisia''s Summit or Hill Top1833cJ O'D (OSNB) NB 128;D52
Mullaghnese (Property of Goff Esq.)1834cCustom of Country (OSNB) NB 128;D52
~mullagh Neisi - Enea''s summit1920cTNCT 44
~mullagh neasuighthe - A hill coupled with another1920cTNCT 44
~Mullagh Neisi ""Enea''s summit"" or ~Mullach Neasuig1936TNCT 45
Dungannon Lower
Parish in 1851
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