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Aghalarg, County Tyrone



Of uncertain origin


Of uncertain origin


The first element in this name appears to be achadh ‘field’, though áth ‘ford’ cannot be ruled out due to the weak articulation of non-palatal ch in East Ulster Irish which rendered the pronunciation of ch and th similar (Sommerfelt 1929 66, 171). Indeed, a ford is marked to the north of the townland on the OS 6" map of 1900, and therefore áth 'ford' remains a possibility for the first element.


The second element in the contemporary form of the name, learg means ‘hillside’ in modern Irish (Ó Dónaill), but can be interpreted in a number of other ways, such as ‘a path, way, footstep’; ‘a plain, a piece of good level land’; ‘slope, declivity, track’, or ‘a battlefield’ (Dinneen). Note that the loss of final schwa in the anglicised ending -larg of the modern form is a well-attested feature of Ulster Irish (see Ó Dochartaigh 1987, 168-72).


Note, also the historical forms which appear to indicate at least one alias name, Aghlarie (1609) and Aghlary (1639) perhaps indicating Achadh an Láithrigh 'field of the ruin'. The 1618 reference to Aghloskes, the two (1618) might derive from Achadh Loiscthe 'burnt field'.


The townlands of Aghalarg and Aghalarg Bog are not contiguous, and these two contemporary names might represent the two townlands alluded to in the historical forms discussed above.


FK (2020)

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Aghlarie1609Esch. Co. Map
Aghloskes,the two1618CPR Jas I 392b
Aghlary al Aghlarge1639Inq. Ult. (Down) $46 Car 1
Aghlaarg1655cCiv. Surv. 250
Aghlarge1661Inq. Ult. (Down) $4 Car 11
Aghlarge1661BSD 191
Achlarge1664HMR Tyr. (1) 3
Aghlarge1666HMR Tyr. (2) 247
Aghalarg1834cOSNB: gen. sources 44
Aughlairge1834cOSNB: gen. sources 44
~Achadh Learg/Field of the Slopes1835cJ O'D (OSNB) 44
~aghadh leirge ""Hillside of the slopes or battle""1936TNCT 25
Achadh Learg ""field of slopes""2003PNP talk PMcK/S''townLHS
Dungannon Middle
Parish in 1851
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