Aghalarg, County Tyrone
Of uncertain origin
Of uncertain origin
The first element in this name appears to be achadh ‘field’, though áth ‘ford’ cannot be ruled out due to the weak articulation of non-palatal ch in East Ulster Irish which rendered the pronunciation of ch and th similar (Sommerfelt 1929 66, 171). Indeed, a ford is marked to the north of the townland on the OS 6" map of 1900, and therefore áth 'ford' remains a possibility for the first element.
The second element in the contemporary form of the name, learg means ‘hillside’ in modern Irish (Ó Dónaill), but can be interpreted in a number of other ways, such as ‘a path, way, footstep’; ‘a plain, a piece of good level land’; ‘slope, declivity, track’, or ‘a battlefield’ (Dinneen). Note that the loss of final schwa in the anglicised ending -larg of the modern form is a well-attested feature of Ulster Irish (see Ó Dochartaigh 1987, 168-72).
Note, also the historical forms which appear to indicate at least one alias name, Aghlarie (1609) and Aghlary (1639) perhaps indicating Achadh an Láithrigh 'field of the ruin'. The 1618 reference to Aghloskes, the two (1618) might derive from Achadh Loiscthe 'burnt field'.
The townlands of Aghalarg and Aghalarg Bog are not contiguous, and these two contemporary names might represent the two townlands alluded to in the historical forms discussed above.
Historical name form
|Old Form||Ref. Date||Reference|
|Aghlarie||1609||Esch. Co. Map|
|Aghloskes,the two||1618||CPR Jas I 392b|
|Aghlary al Aghlarge||1639||Inq. Ult. (Down) $46 Car 1|
|Aghlaarg||1655c||Civ. Surv. 250|
|Aghlarge||1661||Inq. Ult. (Down) $4 Car 11|
|Achlarge||1664||HMR Tyr. (1) 3|
|Aghlarge||1666||HMR Tyr. (2) 247|
|Aghalarg||1834c||OSNB: gen. sources 44|
|Aughlairge||1834c||OSNB: gen. sources 44|
|~Achadh Learg/Field of the Slopes||1835c||J O'D (OSNB) 44|
|~aghadh leirge ""Hillside of the slopes or battle""||1936||TNCT 25|
|Achadh Learg ""field of slopes""||2003||PNP talk PMcK/S''townLHS|
- Dungannon Middle
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type