Placenamesni.orgthe history behind our place-names

Terrenew, County Tyrone


perhaps Ir.  Tír an Fheadha ‘land of the wood’


The element tír ‘country, land, territory’ appears in the names of the counties of Donegal (Tír Chonaill) and Tyrone (Tír Eoghain) but in fact can be applied to any size of land-division in Ireland from provinces to townlands (Flanagan & Flanagan 1994, 152).

The origin of the qualifying element is unclear, perhaps the personal name Aodh which was the commonest of all names in use in early Ireland, and is now everywhere anglicised Hugh (Ó Corráin & Maguire 1981, 13).

However, Tír Aodha does not adequately represent the medial syllable, appearing in the older historical forms as the component -on- which cannot be attributed to the definite article when introducing a proper noun.

Instead, perhaps the second element is a common noun as proposed in the form assigned to JOD, Tír an Fheadha ‘land of the wood’. A similar Anglicisation pattern can be seen in the name of the townland of Dunnanew (Dún an Fheadha ‘fort of the wood’) in Co. Down.



Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Tironhugh1609Esch. Co. Map 11 pt Dunganon
Tironhugh1609Esch. Co. Map 11 Dunganon pt
Tireonehugh1612CPR Jas I 207a
Tironehugh1612CPR Jas I 207a
Tironehugh1614Inq. Ult. (Tyrone) $2 Jac I
Tironehugh1614Inq. Ult. (Down) $2 Jac 1
Tyreonhugh1618CPR Jas I 392b
Tyreonhugh1618CPR Jas I 392b
Tironewyh1619Inq. Ult. (Tyrone) $4 Jac I
Tyronhugh1619Inq. Ult. (Tyrone) $4 Jac I
Tyronhugh al1619Inq. Ult. (Down) $4 Jac 1
al Tironewyh1619Inq. Ult. (Down) $4 Jac 1
Tyronehugh1621CPR Jas I 536a
Tyronehugh al1621CPR Jas I 536a
Tyronewyh1621CPR Jas I 536a
al Tyronewyh1621CPR Jas I 536a
Tirenew1655cCiv. Surv. 278
Tirenew b''bo1655cCiv. Surv. iii 278
Tronie1666HMR Tyr. (2) 241
Tronie1666HMR Tyr. (2) 241
Ternew1748OSNB: gen. sources 7
Teranew1834cOSNB: gen. sources 7
Terenew1834cOSNB: gen. sources 7
~Tir an Fheadha/District of the Wood1835cJ O'D (OSNB) 7
~Tir an Fheadha ""district of the woods""1936TNCT 40
Dungannon Middle
Parish in 1851
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