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Garvagh, County Tyrone

Origin

Ir. Garbhach ‘rough place’

Background

This name, as well (and the similar name Garvaghy) is extremely common in the north of Ireland, particularly in the province of Ulster. Both Garvagh and Garvaghy have been argued to derive from the root element garbh ‘rough’. A more complex element containing garbh is garbhachadh, a compound element which translates directly as ‘rough field’. Another derivative features the root garbh, plus the common suffix -ach, appearing as garbhach which means ‘rough, rough one’ (logainm.ie) or ‘rough place’. The prominence of a bisyllabic structure across the historical forms indicates that the original form of Garvagh here is more likely to be Garbhach ‘rough place’, which is more structurally representative of the modern form.

References

FK (2020)

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Garvaghe1629Inq. Ult. (Tyrone) $9 Car. I
Garvogh1655cCiv. Surv. 375
Agarvagh1666HMR Tyr. (2) 266
Garbhagh1833OSNB: gen. sources C35
Garbh-achadh ""rough field""1833cJ O'D (OSNB) C35
garbh achadh - Rough field or land1920cTNCT 55
Barony
Strabane Upper
Parish
Bodoney Lower
Parish in 1851
Bodoney Lower
Townland
None
Place name ID
4042
Place name type
T