Placenamesni.orgthe history behind our place-names

Broagh, County Derry

Origin

Ir. Bruach "bank/brink"

Background

The name Broagh is derived from IrishBruach "bank/brink".  Joyce notes that bruach in place-names generally denotes the edge of a glen (Joyce ii 210), but here it seems to refer to the bank of the Moyola which forms the southern boundary of the townland.

The earliest references to Broagh show that this is a shortened form of a longer name the origin of which is unclear.  The second element might be taken asinis "inch, holm, water-meadow", but the very earliest form appears to show the whole name placed in the genitive and qualified by the definite article, which would lead us to expect a form Baile an Bhruaigh + adjective.  However, we can circumvent this problem by reading nv in this form as w, giving us balliwroyinsikin, which might suggest Baile Bhruaigh Inse Caoine "the townland of the bank of the smooth water-meadow" (see also caonna "moss" in Joyce ii 63-4).

References

Toner (1996, 216-217)

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
ballinvroyinsikin1609Esch. Co. Map 14
Broughenishikin1613Lond. Comp. Valuation 307
Broemshakeen1622Phillips MSS (Maps) Plate 24
Broghinshekin1654Civ. Surv. iii 178
Brughinsikeene1659cCensus 1659 134
Broghinshekin1661BSDc 64
Broagh1663HMR (Ò Doibhlin 2) 74
Broagh (John Downing)1743Reg. Deeds abstracts i 295 $675
Broagh1813Sampson's Map
+Bro1834cOSNB Pron. No. 6
~Bruach ""a brink or margin""1834cJ O'D (OSNB) No. 6
~Bruach ""a brink or margin""1913Joyce iii 150
~Bruach ""a brink or margin""1913Joyce iii 150
~Bruach ""The townland of the brink...of the river""1925Munn's Notes 263
Barony
Loughinsholin
Parish
Termoneeny
Parish in 1851
Termoneeny
Townland
None
Place name ID
5175
Place name type
T