Ballycullen, County Down
Ir. Baile Mhic Coilín ‘Quillan’s townland’
The surname Mac Coilín was common in Donegal, Antrim and Down at the close of the 16th century (Woulfe 1923, 334). Its anglicized forms include MacCullion, MacCullen, MacQuillin and Quillan. It is not uncommon for Irish surnames with Mac or Ó followed by a broad C to have an initial q in their anglicized forms (note Ó Caollaí, Ó Caoinleáin, Mac Coinn, Mac Coise giving Queally, Quinlan, McQuinn and Quish), and this is reflected in spellings of this townland name such as Ballequillan/Ballyquillane which are attested in the 17th century. A number of historical spellings could represent Baile Cuilinn, ‘townland of the holly’; the second element of these forms may also derive from the obsolete word cuilleann ‘slope’ (Ó Máille 1960) but the overriding evidence favours a surname.
ReferencesHannan R. J. (1992): Place-Names of Northern Ireland vol. 2 p. 219
Historical name form
|Old Form||Ref. Date||Reference|
|Ballequillan||1659c||Census 1659 95|
|Ballycullen al Ballykilconan al Wilson''s land||1675||Montgomery MSS 268 n 35|
|Ballycallen||1810||Wm. Map (OSNB) E 32|
|Ballycullen||1830c||Bnd. Sur. (OSNB) E 32|
Baile Ui Cuilinn/Coilen "Cullin's town"
|1834c||J O'D (OSNB) E 32|
- Castlereagh Lower
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type