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Ardground, County Derry


Of uncertain origin



The final -d of the contemporary form is not attested in any of the earlier historical forms and can probably be attributed to analogy with the English word ‘ground’ and excluded from consideration of the original name.

Ard is probably the most common term used in place-names to signify ‘height’, or, as an adjectival prefix, ‘high’. In some cases it can be confused with aird ‘point’ which is the original form of many instances of anglicised ard in coastal regions such as Aird Mhór ‘big point’ (Ardmore) in Cos Galway and Waterford (Flanagan & Flanagan 1994, 17), although in this inland townland the latter is unlikely.

 The second element might be grean which can mean ‘the bottom of the sea, lake, river’, ‘the gravel or coarse sand om such a bottom’ or ‘coarse sand’ in a form such as Ard Grin ‘height of the coarse sand’ following this townlands position on the bank of a river (OSNI).


FK (2020)

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
(?)Ard Greewen1613Lond. Comp. Valuation 310
Ardgrowe1622Phillips MSS (Maps) 162
(?)Ardgriffin1654Civ. Surv. iii 234
(?)Ardgriffin1659cCensus 1659 127
Ardgrewnie1663HMR (Ò Doibhlin 2) 48
Ardgrewne1686Bishop. Der. ii 111 $279
Ardgrown1814Sampson (Munn) 109
~Airdgrian ""the gravel hill""1827OSNB Inf. 93 C15
~Ard-grian ""high ground""1827J O'D (OSNB) 93 C15
~Ard-grian ""The high ground""1925Munn's Notes 109
~Ard-gronnda ""The height of the foundation""1925Munn's Notes 109
~Ard-grunnt ""The high foundation""1925Munn's Notes 109
Cumber Lower
Parish in 1851
Cumber Lower
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