Annaginny, County Tyrone
Of uncertain origin
The element eanach means ‘watery place, fen, marsh or swamp’ and since such places are common in Ireland, the anglicised forms annagh, anna and anny appear frequently in place-names (Flanagan & Flanagan 1994, 81).
The origin of the second element is less straightforward. Following Lios na Gainimhe ‘fort of the sand’ (Lisaginny) in Co. Monaghan (logainm.ie), we might suggest gaineamh ‘sand’ as the qualifying element here, although unlike the Monaghan name, the historical form of Lisginny, don’t exhibit any evidence of [v] of [f] carried from an Irish form Eanach na Gainimhe ‘marsh of the sand’
The second element here might also be a surname such as Ó Coinne ‘descendant of Coinne ’ an Ulster surname more often anglicized there as Quinn. In the plural, this name might appear in the form Eanach Uí gCoinne ‘marsh of the Quinns’.
We might also consider Eanach Gine ‘marsh of the begetting, birth’ (Muhr 2009, NIPNP notes).
Historical name form
|Old Form||Ref. Date||Reference|
|Annaghgenny||1610||CPR Jas I 163a|
|(?)Aghcany||1633||Inq. Ult. (Tyrone) $40 Car. I|
|Annaghgini||1655c||Civ. Surv. p.279|
|Anaghgeny||1666||HMR Tyr. (2) 242|
|Anaguineay||1834c||OSNB: gen. sources 7|
|Annaginny||1834c||Map in poss. S. Crawford (OSNB) 7|
|~Eanach Geineadh/Fertile Marsh||1835c||J O'D (OSNB) 7|
|~Eanach Gaineadh ""fertile marsh""||1936||TNCT 38|
- Dungannon Middle
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type