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Annaginny, County Tyrone

Origin

Of uncertain origin

Background

 

The element eanach means ‘watery place, fen, marsh or swamp’ and since such places are common in Ireland, the anglicised forms annagh, anna and anny appear frequently in place-names (Flanagan & Flanagan 1994, 81).

The origin of the second element is less straightforward. Following Lios na Gainimhe ‘fort of the sand’ (Lisaginny) in Co. Monaghan (logainm.ie), we might suggest gaineamh ‘sand’ as the qualifying element here, although unlike the Monaghan name, the historical form of Lisginny, don’t exhibit any evidence of [v] of [f] carried from an Irish form Eanach na Gainimhe ‘marsh of the sand’

The second element here might also be a surname such as Ó Coinne ‘descendant of Coinne ’ an Ulster surname more often anglicized there as Quinn. In the plural, this name might appear in the form Eanach Uí gCoinne ‘marsh of the Quinns’.

We might also consider Eanach Gine ‘marsh of the begetting, birth’ (Muhr 2009, NIPNP notes).

References

FK

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Annaghgenny1610CPR Jas I 163a
(?)Aghcany1633Inq. Ult. (Tyrone) $40 Car. I
Annaghgini1655cCiv. Surv. p.279
Annaghgrini1661BSD 202
Anaghgeny1666HMR Tyr. (2) 242
Anaguineay1834cOSNB: gen. sources 7
Annaginny1834cMap in poss. S. Crawford (OSNB) 7
~Eanach Geineadh/Fertile Marsh1835cJ O'D (OSNB) 7
~Eanach Gaineadh ""fertile marsh""1936TNCT 38
Barony
Dungannon Middle
Parish
Donaghmore
Parish in 1851
Donaghmore
Townland
None
Place name ID
9596
Place name type
T