Killymoyle, County Tyrone
perhaps Ir. Coill an Mhaoil ‘wood of the bare/bald thing’.
As always with the element kill in place-names, without some corroborative evidence, it is virtually impossible to state with certainty whether it refers to coill ‘wood’ or cill ‘church, churchyard’. However, one would generally expect to find some historical references to a church or burial ground in the area had there been such, and in Killymoyle, there are none. Maol has a number of different interpretations in place names. For example, Islandmoyle, Co. Down is derived from An tOileán Maol ‘the bare island’ where maol means 'deserted, bleak, bare’ (Ó Mainnín 1993, 89), although the appearance of evidence of the definite article across the forms hints to a nominal, rather than an adjectival function of maol. According to Dinneen, maol can refer to ‘anything bald, blunt or bare’ including ‘a hornless cow or goat’ (Dinneen, s.v.maol). It can also refer to a servant, or to a religious devotee (Ó Dónaill, s.v. maol).
The similar elementmaoil can refer to ‘a rounded summit; hillock, knoll’ (Ó Dónaill, s.v. maoil), although being feminine would appear in the form Coill na Maoile ‘wood of the hillock’ which does not corroborate with the historical evidence here.
Instead, we will assume the most satisfactory explanation of the name is Coill an Mhaoil, interpreted generally as‘wood of the bare/bald thing’.
Historical name form
|Old Form||Ref. Date||Reference|
|Killamoyle||1621||CPR Jas I 536a|
|Killamoyle||1650c||Inq. Ult. (Tyrone) $50 Car. I|
|Cullimoyle||1655c||Civ. Surv. 278|
|Killimuill||1666||HMR Tyr. (2) 241|
|Killymoil||1834c||OSNB: gen. sources 7|
|Killymoyle||1834c||Map in poss. S. Crawford (OSNB) 7|
|~Coill na Maol/of the hornless cows||1835c||J O'D (OSNB) 7|
|~Coill na Maoile ""wood of the hornless cow""||1936||TNCT 39|
- Dungannon Middle
- Parish in 1851
- Place name ID
- Place name type