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Gallrock, County Armagh

Origin

Ir. possibly Gall Comhraic ‘standing stone of the meeting or fight’

Background

The ballybo of Ballygallconroke was granted in 1612 to Edward Trevor, near ‘Mr Stanham’, described in the Patent Rolls of  1615 (CPR Jas I) as near ‘William Stanhawe, Clancan’.  In the 1657 church inquisition the townland of Galkillrucke was listed next to Clenmakish (Clonmacash) among the lands being put together to revive Tartaraghan parish.  In 1661 Gallcowracke belonged to Colonel Mark Trenor, probably a mis-reading of Trevor (BSD), and in 1664 hearth money in Glanconruck (apparently beginning gleann ‘valley’) was due from a man called Tirlagh O'Neale.  Glanconruck (apparently beginning gleann ‘valley’) nevertheless shows the same nasal element as Ballygallconroke in 1612 The old, longer form of the townland name was still in use at the time of the 1830s Ordnance Survey Name Book (OSNB), apparently again with some confusion with clan, cluain or gleann, as Gallclanrock.  A standing stone is shown nearby in Derrycaw to the west on the new 1:50,000 map.  This stone, ‘on lowlying pasture’, stands ‘at the south end of a small island which may once have been raised above the surrounding ground before it was virtually engulfed by peat’ (NISMR, + picture).  The original name may have been Gall Comhraic ‘standing stone of the meeting or fight’.  However, the county map, the boundary survey, and the inhabitants ('mostly Protestants') used the shorter ‘self-explanatory’ form Gallrock, which was then adopted as the received form.

References

Kay Muhr

Additional Information

Historical name form

Old FormRef. DateReference
Ballygallconroke 1 b''bo1612Ulst. Plant. Paps. 60.268
Balligallconrocke 1 bal1615CPR Jas I 299b
td Galkillrucke1657Inq. Arm. (Paterson) 233
(?)Srabry1659Census 1659 38
Gallcowracke1661BSD 55
Glanconruck1664HMR Murray (1941) 193
Gall1760Rocque's Map
Gallclanrock1835Land agent (OSNB) A135
Gallrock1835Map Armagh (OSNB) A135
Gallrock1835Bnd. Sur. (OSNB) A135
Gallrock1835Popular (OSNB) A135
~Gall-chlaróc ""little flat/plain of the foreigners1835J O'D (OSNB) A135
(?)""standing stone of the meeting/fight""1999NIPNP replies KM/BMcK
Barony
Oneilland West
Parish
Tartaraghan
Parish in 1851
Tartaraghan
Townland
None
Place name ID
9907
Place name type
T